Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Influence of key variables on the simultaneous isomerization and fermentation (SIF) of xylose by a native Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain co-encapsulated with xylose isomerase for 2G ethanol production

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Milessi, Thais Suzane [1] ; Aquino, Patricia M. [2] ; Silva, Claudia R. [2] ; Moraes, Guilherme S. [2] ; Zangirolami, Teresa C. [1, 2] ; Giordano, Roberto C. [1, 2] ; Giordano, Raquel L. C. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem Engn, Rodovia Washington Luis, Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Sao Carlos PPEQ UFSCar, Grad Program Chem Engn, Rodovia Washington Luis, Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOMASS & BIOENERGY; v. 119, p. 277-283, DEC 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Xylose is a sugar that is plentiful in lignocellulosic biomass, but is currently underused. Despite it being a potential carbon source for 2G ethanol production, the native yeast Sacharomyces cerevisiae cannot assimilate xylose. One possible way to overcome this restriction would be the previous isomerization of xylose to xylulose, catalyzed by the enzyme xylose isomerase (XI). Due to the unfavorable chemical equilibrium of conversion of 5-xylose to 1-xylulose, this route requires simultaneous isomerization and fermentation (SIF), in order to shift the equilibrium. The present work describes a study of ethanol production from xylose in a SIF process, using a biocatalyst consisting of XI immobilized on chitosan and subsequently co-immobilized with baker's yeast in Caalginate gel. The effects of biocatalyst composition (enzyme and yeast loads) and temperature were evaluated. The biocatalyst composition was varied using enzyme loads from 5 to 20% (w/v) and cell concentrations from 5 to 17% (w/v). Productivity and yield increased together with the yeast concentration, while selectivity increased with the enzyme concentration. For a biocatalyst consisting of 10% (w/v) of yeast (50 g. L-1) and 20% of enzyme (120 x 10(3) IU.L-1), 98% conversion was achieved within 11 h, providing a yield of 0.35 +/- 0.02 g. g(-1) productivity of 2.07 +/- 0.17 g. L-1.h(-1), and ethanol/xylitol selectivity of 2.42 +/- 0.01. The temperatures tested were 32, 35, and 37 degrees C, and ethanol yield and productivity were around 0.35 g. g(-1) and 2.03 g .L-1.h(-1), respectively, in all the experiments. Although higher temperatures favor XI activity, 35 degrees C was selected because it favored ethanol formation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/05543-7 - Produção de etanol a partir de xilose com glicose isomerase imobilizada e co-imobilizada com Saccharomyces cerevisiae em gel de alginato
Beneficiário:Patricia Marina de Aquino
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 08/56246-0 - Bioprocess Systems Engineering (BSE) applied to the production of bioethanol from sugarcane bagasse
Beneficiário:Roberto de Campos Giordano
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático