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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Comparing illusion of control and superstitious behavior: Rate of responding influences judgment of control in a free-operant procedure

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Autor(es):
Lobato Benvenuti, Marcelo Frota [1, 2] ; Nogara de Toledo, Thais Ferro [3] ; Gomes Simoes, Reinaldo Augusto [4] ; Bizarro, Lisiane [4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Comportamento, Cogniccio & Ensino, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Mato Grosso, Campo Grande - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: LEARNING AND MOTIVATION; v. 64, p. 27-33, NOV 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

The objective of this experiment was to study similarities between superstitious behavior and illusion of control. We used different motivational instructions to generate high and low rates of responding and exposed participants to noncontingent reinforcement in order to evaluate superstitious behavior and illusion of control. College students (n = 40) responded over three 10-min sessions in a computer-based free operant procedure that alternated signaled periods of noncontingent presentation of points (VT schedule) and periods in which the points were not presented (extinction, EXT). In one group of participants, points were the only reward; for the other group, instructions stated that points were later exchangeable for photocopy vouchers. We compared rates of responding and estimates of control. Points exchangeable for photocopy vouchers produced higher rates of responding and estimates of control. Frequency of response and estimates of control were positively correlated. It was concluded that motivational instructions influenced both rate of responding and judgment of control. Even when a high rate of responding was extended in time (two more sessions for each participant), judgments of control were biased by noncontingent reinforcement. Through direct comparison between superstitious behavior and illusion of control, we showed that behavioral dynamics can be important in studies of illusion of control. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/22216-0 - Ilusão de controle e a seleção do comportamento: o papel das variáveis sociais e culturais
Beneficiário:Marcelo Frota Lobato Benvenuti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular