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Weaning process and subadult diets in a monumental Brazilian shellmound

Texto completo
Pezo-Lanfranco, Luis [1] ; DeBlasis, Paulo [2] ; Eggers, Sabine [3, 1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Antropol Biol, Dept Genet & Biol Evolutiva, Inst Biociencias, Rua Matao 277, Cidade Univ USP, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Museu Arqueol & Etnol, Ave Prof Almeida Prado 1466, Cidade Univ USP, BR-05508070 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Nat Hist Museum Wien, Anthropol Abt, Burgring 7, A-1010 Vienna - Austria
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 1

Studies on settlement patterns suggested that the fisher-hunter-gatherers who constructed the shellmounds (or sambaquis) scattered along the Brazilian Southeastern coast must have experienced considerable population growth by living in rich coastal settings. In this paper we assess, using stable isotopes, the weaning patterns and subadult diets of the sambaqui Jabuticabeira II (1214-830 cal BC to 118-413 cal AD) to test: 1) if weaning strategies are compatible with scenarios of high population density and 2) if there are evidences of dietary sex differences and sex-biased parental investment. Stable isotope data (delta N-15, delta C-13(col), and delta C-13(ap)) of 106 samples from 60 individuals (adults and subadults) were analyzed by combining bone cross-sectional and tooth serial-sectioning approaches to simulate a longitudinal study. Various analytical methods were used to describe weaning processes by identifying age-related changes in the diet of juveniles compared to those of adults. The isotopic results show that although exclusive breastfeeding length is variable, the introduction of a supplementary diet occurs around 6 months of age, whereas complete weaning was achieved for most children at approximately 2-3 years of age (more probably similar to 2.3 years of age). Little variability was observed in weaning and post-weaning diets. Differences between adult males and females suggest sex-biased dietary peculiarities. However, no clear cut difference in parental investment strategies favoring boys could be found. Because a weaning completion age of 2.3 years (and the presumed inter-birth interval that corresponds to) can be associated with slow to moderate growth, our reconstruction of weaning patterns and subadult diets of this sambaqui group partially supports a scenario compatible with high population growth. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/14799-0 - Modo de vida e complexificação social em grupos pré-históricos de ecossistemas litorâneos da América do Sul
Beneficiário:Sabine Eggers
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/05391-3 - Adaptação e produção de alimentos em baixa escala: Evidências bioarqueológicas em populações pré-históricas litorâneas Brasileiras.
Beneficiário:Luis Nicanor Pezo Lanfranco
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 03/02059-0 - Processos formativos nos sambaquis do camacho, sc: padroes funerarios e atividades cotidianas.
Beneficiário:Paulo Antônio Dantas de Blasis
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 04/11038-0 - Sambaquis e paisagem: modelando a inter-relação entre processos formativos culturais e naturais no litoral sul de Santa Catarina
Beneficiário:Paulo Antônio Dantas de Blasis
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático