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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Morphological and biochemical characterization of the cutaneous poison glands in toads (Rhinella marina group) from different environments

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Autor(es):
Mailho-Fontana, Pedro Luiz [1] ; Antoniazzi, Marta Maria [1] ; Sciani, Juliana Mozer [2] ; Pimenta, Daniel Carvalho [2] ; Barbaro, Katia Cristina [3] ; Jared, Carlos [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Butantan, Lab Cell Biol, Ave Vital Brasil 1500, BR-05503000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Inst Butantan, Lab Biochem & Biophys, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Inst Butantan, Lab Immunopathol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Frontiers in Zoology; v. 15, NOV 23 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

BackgroundAmphibian defence against predators and microorganisms is directly related to cutaneous glands that produce a huge number of different toxins. These glands are distributed throughout the body but can form accumulations in specific regions. When grouped in low numbers, poison glands form structures similar to warts, quite common in the dorsal skin of bufonids (toads). When accumulated in large numbers, the glands constitute protuberant structures known as macroglands, among which the parotoids are the most common ones. This work aimed at the morphological and biochemical characterization of the poison glands composing different glandular accumulations in four species of toads belonging to group Rhinella marina (R. icterica, R. marina, R. schneideri and R. jimi). These species constitute a good model since they possess other glandular accumulations together with the dorsal warts and the parotoids and inhabit environments with different degrees of water availability.ResultsWe have observed that the toads skin has three types of poison glands that can be differentiated from each other through the morphology and the chemical content of their secretion product. The distribution of these different glands throughout the body is peculiar to each toad species, except for the parotoids and the other macroglands, which are composed of an exclusive gland type that is usually different from that composing the dorsal warts. Each type of poison gland presents histochemical and biochemical peculiarities, mainly regarding protein components.ConclusionsThe distribution, morphology and chemical composition of the different types of poison glands, indicate that they may have different defensive functions in each toad species. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/15334-4 - A pele e a defesa dos sapos-cururus (Bufonidae) contra predadores e dessecação
Beneficiário:Pedro Luiz Mailho Fontana
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado