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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The geographic mosaic of coevolution in mutualistic networks

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Autor(es):
Medeiros, Lucas P. [1, 2] ; Garcia, Guilherme [1] ; Thompson, John N. [3] ; Guimaraes, Jr., Paulo R. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] MIT, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 - USA
[3] Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA; v. 115, n. 47, p. 12017-12022, NOV 20 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Ecological interactions shape adaptations through coevolution not only between pairs of species but also through entire multispecies assemblages. Local coevolution can then be further altered through spatial processes that have been formally partitioned in the geographic mosaic theory of coevolution. A major current challenge is to understand the spatial patterns of coadaptation that emerge across ecosystems through the interplay between gene flow and selection in networks of interacting species. Here, we combine a coevolutionary model, network theory, and empirical information on species interactions to investigate how gene flow and geographical variation in selection affect trait patterns in mutualistic networks. We show that gene flow has the surprising effect of favoring trait matching, especially among generalist species in species-rich networks typical of pollination and seed dispersal interactions. Using an analytical approximation of our model, we demonstrate that gene flow promotes trait matching by making the adaptive landscapes of different species more similar to each other. We use this result to show that the progressive loss of gene flow associated with habitat fragmentation may undermine coadaptation in mutualisms. Our results therefore provide predictions of how spatial processes shape the evolution of species-rich interactions and how the widespread fragmentation of natural landscapes may modify the coevolutionary process. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/08406-7 - Como a perda e adição de espécies e interações influencia a dinâmica coevolutiva em redes mutualistas?
Beneficiário:Paulo Roberto Guimarães Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/20739-9 - Dinâmica evolutiva em mutualismos: seleção recíproca e efeitos em cascata entre localidades
Beneficiário:Paulo Roberto Guimarães Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa
Processo FAPESP: 15/12956-7 - Como as abundâncias das espécies influenciam a dinâmica coevolutiva em redes mutualísticas?
Beneficiário:Lucas Paoliello de Medeiros
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado