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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Unifying host-associated diversification processes using butterfly-plant networks

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Autor(es):
Braga, Mariana P. [1] ; Guimaraes, Jr., Paulo R. [2] ; Wheat, Christopher W. [1] ; Nylin, Soren [1] ; Janz, Niklas [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Stockholm Univ, Dept Zool, S-10691 Stockholm - Sweden
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS; v. 9, DEC 4 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Explaining the exceptional diversity of herbivorous insects is an old problem in evolutionary ecology. Here we focus on the two prominent hypothesised drivers of their diversification, radiations after major host switch or variability in host use due to continuous probing of new hosts. Unfortunately, current methods cannot distinguish between these hypotheses, causing controversy in the literature. Here we present an approach combining network and phylogenetic analyses, which directly quantifies support for these opposing hypotheses. After demonstrating that each hypothesis produces divergent network structures, we then investigate the contribution of each to diversification in two butterfly families: Pieridae and Nymphalidae. Overall, we find that variability in host use is essential for butterfly diversification, while radiations following colonisation of a new host are rare but can produce high diversity. Beyond providing an important reconciliation of alternative hypotheses for butterfly diversification, our approach has potential to test many other hypotheses in evolutionary biology. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/20739-9 - Dinâmica evolutiva em mutualismos: seleção recíproca e efeitos em cascata entre localidades
Beneficiário:Paulo Roberto Guimarães Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa