Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Soil carbon dioxide emission associated with soil porosity after sugarcane field reform

Texto completo
Autor(es):
de Souza, Luma Castro [1] ; Fernandes, Carolina [1] ; Moitinho, Mara Regina [1] ; Bicalho, Elton da Silva [1] ; La Scala, Jr., Newton [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castellane S-N, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES FOR GLOBAL CHANGE; v. 24, n. 1, p. 113-127, JAN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

This study aimed to characterize soil carbon dioxide (CO2) emission associated with soil pore distribution in an Oxisol and Ultisol under chiseling in the planting row and in total area for sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) cultivation. The experimental design was a large paired-plot design. Treatments consisted of chiseling in the planting row (CPR) and chiseling in total area (CTA) in an Oxisol and Ultisol. Soil CO2 emission, soil temperature, and soil moisture were assessed over 12days in the Oxisol and 11days in the Ultisol at a depth of 0-0.10m. Organic carbon associated with minerals (OCAM) and particulate organic carbon (POC) were also assessed. OCAM, pore class C2 (0.05?<0.1mm), soil moisture, and soil temperature explained 72 and 53% of the variability of soil CO2 emission in CPR and CTA, respectively. In the Ultisol, pore class C1 (?0.1mm) and OCAM explained 82% of the variability of soil CO2 emission in CPR. In CTA, soil moisture, OCAM, and POC explained 67% of the variability of soil CO2 emission. In the Oxisol, CPR and CTA affected soil structure, causing changes in both soil porosity and soil CO2 emission. In the Oxisol, the lowest average value of soil CO2 emission (2.8molm(-2)s(-1)) was observed in CPR whereas its highest value (3.4molm(-2)s(-1)) was observed in CTA. In the Ultisol, soil tillage (CPR and CTA) did not affect soil CO2 emission. These results indicate that the intensity of soil tillage in more clayey textured soils favors soil CO2 emission possibly due to a higher carbon availability for microbial activity when compared to more sandy textured soils. A less intensive soil tillage can be considered as an efficient strategy to reduce soil CO2 emission and hence soil organic carbon losses. Thus, this management strategy proved to be efficient in terms of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, reducing the contribution of agriculture to global climate change. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/14490-2 - Sistemas de preparo do solo para o plantio da cana-de-açúcar, visando à melhoria da capacidade produtiva do solo com redução do impacto ambiental decorrente da operação agrícola
Beneficiário:Carolina Fernandes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular