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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Measured energy content of frequently purchased restaurant meals: multi-country cross sectional study

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Autor(es):
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Roberts, Susan B. [1] ; Das, Sai Krupa [1] ; Miguel Suen, Vivian Marques [2] ; Pihlajamaki, Jussi [3, 4] ; Kuriyan, Rebecca [5] ; Steiner-Asiedu, Matilda [6] ; Taetzsch, Amy [1] ; Anderson, Alex K. [7] ; Silver, Rachel E. [1, 8] ; Barger, Kathryn [1] ; Krauss, Amy [1] ; Karhunen, Leila [3] ; Zhang, Xueying [9, 10, 11] ; Hambly, Catherine [11] ; Schwab, Ursula [3, 12] ; Triffoni-Melo, Andresa de Toledo [13] ; Fassini, Priscila Giacomo [2] ; Taylor, Salima F. [1] ; Economos, Christina [8] ; Kurpad, Anura V. [5] ; Speakman, John R. [9, 11, 14]
Número total de Autores: 21
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Tufts Univ, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutr Res Ctr Aging, Boston, MA 02111 - USA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Eastern Finland, Sch Med, Inst Publ Hlth & Clin Nutr, Kuopio 70211 - Finland
[4] Kuopio Univ Hosp, Clin Nutr & Obes Ctr, Kuopio 70211 - Finland
[5] St Johns Res Inst, Div Nutr, Bengaluru 560034 - India
[6] Univ Ghana, Dept Nutr & Food Sci, Legon - Ghana
[7] Univ Georgia, Dept Foods & Nutr, Athens, GA 30602 - USA
[8] Tufts Univ, Friedman Sch Nutr Sci & Policy, Boston, MA 02111 - USA
[9] Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Mol Dev Biol, Inst Genet & Dev Biol, Beijing 100101 - Peoples R China
[10] Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049 - Peoples R China
[11] Univ Aberdeen, Inst Biol & Environm Sci, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ - Scotland
[12] Kuopio Univ Hosp, Dept Med Endocrinol & Clin Nutr, Kuopio - Finland
[13] Univ Ribeirao Preto UNAERP, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[14] Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Anim Evolut & Genet, Beijing - Peoples R China
Número total de Afiliações: 14
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BMJ-BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL; v. 363, DEC 12 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

OBJECTIVE To measure the energy content of frequently ordered meals from full service and fast food restaurants in five countries and compare values with US data. DESIGN Cross sectional survey. SETTING 223 meals from 111 randomly selected full service and fast food restaurants serving popular cuisines in Brazil, China, Finland, Ghana, and India were the primary sampling unit; 10 meals from five worksite canteens were also studied in Finland. The observational unit was frequently ordered meals in selected restaurants. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE Meal energy content, measured by bomb calorimetry. RESULTS Compared with the US, weighted mean energy of restaurant meals was lower only in China (719 (95% confidence interval 646 to 799) kcal versus 1088 (1002 to 1181) kcal; P<0.001). In analysis of variance models, fast food contained 33% less energy than full service meals (P<0.001). In Finland, worksite canteens provided 25% less energy than full service and fast food restaurants (mean 880 (SD 156) versus 1166 (298); P=0.009). Country, restaurant type, number of meal components, and meal weight predicted meal energy in a factorial analysis of variance (R-2=0.62, P<0.001). Ninety four per cent of full service meals and 72% of fast food meals contained at least 600 kcal. Modeling indicated that, except in China, consuming current servings of a full service and a fast food meal daily would supply between 70% and 120% of the daily energy requirements for a sedentary woman, without additional meals, drinks, snacks, appetizers, or desserts. CONCLUSION Very high dietary energy content of both full service and fast food restaurant meals is a widespread phenomenon that is probably supporting global obesity and provides a valid intervention target. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/14489-1 - Estudo de fatores que influenciam o balanço energético de mulheres obesas e com sobrepeso em diferentes países
Beneficiário:Andresa de Toledo Triffoni Melo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/18520-0 - Estudo de fatores que influenciam o balanço energético de mulheres obesas e com sobrepeso em diferentes países
Beneficiário:Vivian Marques Miguel Suen
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular