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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The key role of UVA-light induced oxidative stress in human Xeroderma Pigmentosum Variant cells

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Autor(es):
Moreno, Natalia Cestari [1] ; Machado Garcia, Camila Carriao [2, 3] ; Munford, Veridiana [1] ; Reily Rocha, Clarissa Ribeiro [1] ; Pelegrini, Alessandra Luiza [1] ; Corradi, Camila [1] ; Sarasin, Alain [4] ; Martins Menck, Carlos Frederico [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Microbiol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Ouro Preto, Dept Biol Sci, Ouro Preto, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Ouro Preto, NUPEB, Ouro Preto, MG - Brazil
[4] Univ Paris Sud, Inst Gustave Roussy, CNRS, Lab Genet Instabil & Oncogenesis, UMR8200, Villejuif - France
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Free Radical Biology and Medicine; v. 131, p. 432-442, FEB 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

The UVA component of sunlight induces DNA damage, which are basically responsible for skin cancer formation. Xeroderma Pigmentosum Variant (XP-V) patients are defective in the DNA polymerase pol eta that promotes translesion synthesis after sunlight-induced DNA damage, implying in a clinical phenotype of increased frequency of skin cancer. However, the role of UVA-light in the carcinogenesis of these patients is not completely understood. The goal of this work was to characterize UVA-induced DNA damage and the consequences to XP-V cells, compared to complemented cells. DNA damage were induced in both cells by UVA, but lesion removal was particularly affected in XP-V cells, possibly due to the oxidation of DNA repair proteins, as indicated by the increase of carbonylated proteins. Moreover, UVA irradiation promoted replication fork stalling and cell cycle arrest in the S-phase for XP-V cells. Interestingly, when cells were treated with the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine, all these deleterious effects were consistently reverted, revealing the role of oxidative stress in these processes. Together, these results strongly indicate the crucial role of oxidative stress in UVA-induced cytotoxicity and are of interest for the protection of XP-V patients. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/15982-6 - Consequências de deficiências de reparo de lesões no genoma
Beneficiário:Carlos Frederico Martins Menck
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/16929-6 - Efeito da luz UVA em células de pacientes com Xeroderma pigmentosum variante
Beneficiário:Natália Cestari Moreno
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado