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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Contrasting responses of stomatal conductance and photosynthetic capacity to warming and elevated CO2 in the tropical tree species Alchomea glandulosa under heatwave conditions

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Fauset, Sophie [1, 2] ; Oliveira, Lauana [3] ; Buckeridge, Marcos S. [3] ; Foyer, Christine H. [4] ; Galbraith, David [1] ; Tiwari, Rakesh [1] ; Gloor, Manuel [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Leeds, Sch Geog, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire - England
[2] Univ Plymouth, Sch Geog Earth & Environm Sci, Plymouth PL4 8AA, Devon - England
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Leeds, Ctr Plant Sci, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire - England
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY; v. 158, p. 28-39, FEB 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Factorial experiments of combined warming and elevated CO2 are rarely performed but essential for our understanding of plant physiological responses to climate change. Studies of tropical species are particularly lacking, hence we grew juvenile trees of Alchornea glandulosa under conditions of elevated temperature (+ 1.5 degrees C, eT) and elevated CO2 (+400ppm, eC) in a factorial open top chamber experiment. We addressed three questions: i) To what extent does stomatal conductance (g(s)) reduce with eT and eC treatments?; ii) Is there an interactive effect of eT and eC on g(s)?; iii) Does reduced g(s) as a result of eT and/or eC cause an increase in leaf temperature?; iv) Do the photosynthetic temperature optima (T-opt) and temperature response of photosynthetic capacities (V-cmax, J(max)) shift with higher growth temperatures? The experiment was performed during an anomalously hot period, including a heatwave during the acclimation period. Our key findings are that: 1) the eT treatment reduced g(s) more than the eC treatment, 2) reduced g(s) caused an increase in leaf temperatures, and 3) net photosynthesis and photosynthetic capacities showed very high temperature tolerances with no evidence for acclimation to the eT treatment. Our results suggest that A. glandulosa may be able to cope with increases in air temperatures, however reductions in g(s), may cause higher leaf temperatures beyond those induced by an air temperature rise over the coming century. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/51872-5 - ECOFOR: Biodiversidade e funcionamento de ecossistemas em áreas alteradas pelo homem nas Florestas Amazônica e Atlântica
Beneficiário:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/51509-8 - Composição florística, estrutura e dinâmica do funcionamento da Floresta Ombrófila Densa Atlântica dos núcleos Caraguatatuba, Cunha, Picinguaba e Santa Virgínia, do Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (PelD)
Beneficiário:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular