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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

`One tooth one child': evaluating the effects of diet and fertility on the oral health of women from archaeological sites in South America

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Autor(es):
Carvalho, Maria Rita G. [1] ; Pezo-Lanfranco, Luis [1] ; Eggers, Sabine [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Genet & Biol Evolut, Lab Antropol Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Nat Hist Museum Wien, Vienna - Austria
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: European Journal of Oral Sciences; v. 127, n. 1, p. 52-64, FEB 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Women from ancient societies have shown a higher prevalence of dental caries in comparison with men. Recent research has shown that the relationship between increased oestrogen production during pregnancy and decreased salivary flow is a possible cause for the higher levels of caries in women, which is in contrast to the traditional view of sexual division of labour resulting in unequal access to cariogenic food. In order to test these two hypotheses, individuals exhumed from 12 South American archaeological sites were examined for markers of oral health (caries, ante mortem tooth loss, deep caries, and enamel hypoplasia) and compared in terms of fertility (Crude Birth Rate) and subsistence systems. Our results suggest that diet and other cultural practices remain the most important factors affecting oral health and that the effects of hormones can be masked by them. Such findings add to the discussion regarding the availability of micronutrients in such societies affecting caries experience in pregnant women, because of their special nutritional requirements. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/05391-3 - Adaptação e produção de alimentos em baixa escala: Evidências bioarqueológicas em populações pré-históricas litorâneas Brasileiras.
Beneficiário:Luis Nicanor Pezo Lanfranco
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/14799-0 - Modo de vida e complexificação social em grupos pré-históricos de ecossistemas litorâneos da América do Sul
Beneficiário:Sabine Eggers
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular