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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Identifying Inflated Super-Earths and Photo-evaporated Cores

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Carrera, Daniel [1, 2] ; Ford, Eric B. [1, 2, 3] ; Izidoro, Andre [4] ; Jontof-Hutter, Daniel [1, 2] ; Raymond, Sean N. [5] ; Wolfgang, Angie [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Penn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, 525 Davey Lab, University Pk, PA 16802 - USA
[2] Penn State Univ, Ctr Exoplanets & Habitable Worlds, 525 Davey Lab, University Pk, PA 16802 - USA
[3] Penn State Univ, Inst CyberSci, University Pk, PA 16802 - USA
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Grp Dinam Orbital & Planetol, BR-12516410 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N, Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac - France
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL; v. 866, n. 2 OCT 20 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0

We present empirical evidence, supported by a planet formation model, to show that the curve R/R-circle plus = 1.05(F/F-circle plus)(0.11) approximates the location of the so-called photo-evaporation valley. Planets below that curve are likely to have experienced complete photo-evaporation, and planets just above it appear to have inflated radii; thus we identify a new population of inflated super-Earths and mini-Neptunes. Our N-body simulations are set within an evolving protoplanetary disk and include prescriptions for orbital migration, gas accretion, and atmospheric loss due to giant impacts. Our simulated systems broadly match the sizes and periods of super-Earths in the Kepler catalog. They also reproduce the relative sizes of adjacent planets in the same system, with the exception of planet pairs that straddle the photo-evaporation valley. This latter group is populated by planet pairs with either very large or very small size ratios (R-out/R-in >> 1 or R-out/R-in << 1) and a dearth of size ratios near unity. It appears that this feature could be reproduced if the planet outside the photo-evaporation valley (typically the outer planet, but sometimes not) has its atmosphere significantly expanded by stellar irradiation. This new population of planets may be ideal targets for future transit spectroscopy observations with the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/12686-2 - Formação e dinâmica planetária: do Sistema Solar a exoplanetas
Beneficiário:André Izidoro Ferreira da Costa
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 16/19556-7 - Formação e Dinâmica Planetária: do Sistema Solar a Exoplanetas
Beneficiário:André Izidoro Ferreira da Costa
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Jovens Pesquisadores