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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Cell-surface HSP70 associates with thrombomodulin in endothelial cells

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Autor(es):
Araujo, Thais L. S. [1] ; Venturini, Gabriela [2] ; Moretti, Ana I. S. [1] ; Tanaka, Leonardo Y. [1] ; Pereira, Alexandre Costa [2] ; Laurindo, Francisco R. M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Heart Inst InCor, Vasc Biol Lab, Av Eneas Carvalho Aguiar 44, Annex 2, 9th Floor, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Heart Inst InCor, Lab Genet & Mol Cardiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CELL STRESS & CHAPERONES; v. 24, n. 1, p. 273-282, JAN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Heat shock protein-70 (HSP70) is crucial for proteostasis and displays cell-protective effects. Meanwhile, enhanced levels of cell-surface (cs) and secreted HSP70 paradoxically associate with pathologic cardiovascular conditions. However, mechanisms regulating csHSP70 pool are unknown. We hypothesized that total and csHSP70 expressions are modulated by hemodynamic forces, major contributors to endothelial pathophysiology. We also investigated whether thrombomodulin, a crucial thromboresistance cell-surface protein, is a csHSP70 target. We used proteomic/western analysis, confocal microscopy, and cs-biotinylation to analyze the pattern and specific characteristics of intracellular and csHSP70. HSP70 interaction with thrombomodulin was investigated by confocal colocalization, en face immunofluorescence, proximity assay, and immunoprecipitation. Thrombomodulin activity was assessed by measured protein C activation two-step assay. Our results show that csHSP70 pool in endothelial cells (EC) exhibits a peculiar cluster-like pattern and undergoes enhanced expression by physiological arterial-level laminar shear stress. Conversely, total and csHSP70 expressions were diminished under low shear stress, a known proatherogenic hemodynamic pattern. Furthermore, total HSP70 levels were decreased in aortic arch (associated with proatherogenic turbulent flow) compared with thoracic aorta (associated with atheroprotective laminar flow). Importantly, csHSP70 co-localized with thrombomodulin in cultured EC and aorta endothelium; proximity ligation assays and immunoprecipitation confirmed their physical interaction in EC. Remarkably, immunoneutralization of csHSP70 enhanced thrombomodulin activity in EC and aorta ex vivo. Overall, proatherogenic hemodynamic forces promote reduced total HSP70 expression, which might implicate in disturbed proteostasis; meanwhile, the associated decrease in cs-HSP70 pool associates with thromboresistance signaling. Cell-surface HSP70 (csHSP70) expression regulation and csHSP70 targets in vascular cells are unknown. We showed that HSP70 levels are shear stress-modulated and decreased under proatherogenic conditions. Remarkably, csHSP70 binds thrombomodulin and inhibits its activity in endothelial cells. This mechanism can potentially explain some deleterious effects previously associated with high extracellular HSP70 levels, as csHSP70 potentially could restrict thromboresistance and support thrombosis/inflammation in stress situations. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07937-8 - Redoxoma
Beneficiário:Ohara Augusto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 15/06210-2 - Envolvimento da via da GRASP na externalização da dissulfeto isomerase proteica-A1 e sua implicação na resposta de células endoteliais a shear stress
Beneficiário:Thaís Larissa Araujo de Oliveira Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado