Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Warming and water deficit impact leaf photosynthesis and decrease forage quality and digestibility of a C4 tropical grass

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Habermann, Eduardo [1] ; Dias de Oliveira, Eduardo Augusto [2] ; Contin, Daniele Ribeiro [1] ; Delvecchio, Gustavo [1] ; Viciedo, Dilier Olivera [3] ; de Moraes, Marcela Aparecida [1] ; Prado, Renato de Mello [3] ; de Pinho Costa, Katia Aparecida [4] ; Braga, Marcia Regina [5] ; Martinez, Carlos Alberto [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, FFCLRP, Dept Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Illinois, Dept Biol Sci, Ecol & Evolut, Chicago, IL 60680 - USA
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Soils & Fertilizers, FCAV, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Fed Inst Goiano, Rio Verde Campus, Goiania, Go - Brazil
[5] Inst Bot, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM; v. 165, n. 2, SI, p. 383-402, FEB 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Global warming is predicted to cause more intense extreme events such as heat waves, flooding and severe droughts, producing significant effects on agriculture. In tropics, climate change will severely impact livestock production affecting water availability, forage quality and food for cattle. We investigated the isolated and combined effects of soil water deficit (wS) and + 2 degrees C increase in canopy temperature (eT) on leaf gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence, carbohydrate content, forage quality and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) of a field-grown C4 tropical forage grass Panicum maximum Jacq. using a temperature-free air-controlled enhancement (T-FACE) system. The wS and eT treatments showed no effects on photosystem II photochemistry. However, wS under ambient temperature decreased net photosynthesis rate (A), stomatal conductance (g(s)) and maximum rate of carboxylation of Rubisco (V-cmax), leading to a reduced starch content in leaves. A 16% reduction in leaf dry mass (LDM) and reduction in forage quality by increasing fibers, reducing crude protein (CP) and decreasing the IVDMD was also observed by effect of wS. Warming under adequate soil moisture (eT) significantly increased LDM by 25% but reduced the forage quality, increasing the lignin content and reducing starch, CP and digestibility. The combined wSeT treatment reduced A, g(s), V-cmax and the forage quality. When compared to control, the lignin content in leaves increased by 43, 28 and 17% in wS, eT and wSeT, respectively, causing a significant reduction in IVDMD. We concluded that despite physiological mechanisms to acclimate to warming, both warming and water deficit will impair the quality and digestibility of C4 tropical pastures. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/00317-7 - Fluxo de carbono e de gases estufa em ecossistema de pastagem composta por Panicum maximum Jacq. e Stylosanthes capitata Voegel cultivadas sob elevada concentração de CO2 e elevada temperatura em sistemas FACE/T-FACE
Beneficiário:Eduardo Augusto Dias de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/12853-6 - Impacto do incremento da temperatura e da deficiência hídrica, em simulação climática futura, no desempenho fisiológico e produtivo de duas espécies forrageiras tropicais
Beneficiário:Gustavo Delvecchio
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 16/09742-8 - Relações hídricas, trocas gasosas, anatomia foliar e análises termográficas de duas espécies forrageiras sob aquecimento e deficiência hídrica em condições de campo
Beneficiário:Eduardo Habermann
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/58075-8 - Miniface climate-change impact experiment to analyze the effects of elevated CO2 and warming on photosynthesis, gene expression, biochemistry, growth, nutrient dynamics and yield of two contrasting tropical forage species
Beneficiário:Carlos Alberto Martinez y Huaman
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático