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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Hydrological trade-offs due to different land covers and land uses in the Brazilian Cerrado

Texto completo
Anache, Jamil A. A. [1] ; Wendland, Edson [1] ; Rosalem, Livia M. P. [1] ; Youlton, Cristian [1] ; Oliveira, Paulo T. S. [2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Hydraul & Sanitat, Sao Carlos Sch Engn EESC, CxP 359, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Mato Grosso do Sul, CxP 549, BR-79070900 Campo Grande, MS - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES; v. 23, n. 3, p. 1263-1279, MAR 7 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2

Farmland expansion in the Brazilian Cerrado, considered one of the largest agricultural frontiers in the world, has the potential to alter water fluxes on different spatial scales. Despite some large-scale studies being developed, there are still few investigations in experimental sites in this region. Here, we investigate the water balance components in experimental plots and the groundwater table fluctuation in different land covers: wooded Cerrado, sugarcane, pasture and bare soil. Furthermore, we identify possible water balance trade-offs due to the different land covers. This study was developed between 2012 and 2016 in the central region of the state of Sao Paulo in southern Brazil. Hydrometeorological variables, groundwater table, surface runoff and other water balance components were monitored inside experimental plots containing different land covers; the datasets were analyzed using statistical parameters; and the water balance components uncertainties were computed. Replacing wooded Cerrado by pastureland and sugarcane shifts the overland flow (up to 42 mm yr(-1)) and the water balance residual (up to 504 mm yr(-1)) and may affect groundwater table behavior. This fact suggests significant changes in the water partitioning in a transient land cover and land use (LCLU) system, as the evapotranspiration is lower (up to 719 mm yr(-1)) in agricultural land covers than in the undisturbed Cerrado. We recommend long-term observations for continuing the evaluations initiated in this study, mainly because there are few basic studies on tropical environments at the hillslope scale and more assessments are needed for a better understanding of the real field conditions. Such efforts should be made to reduce uncertainties, validate the water balance hypothesis and catch the variability of hydrological processes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/03806-1 - Disponibilidade hídrica e riscos de contaminação em áreas de afloramento do Sistema Aquífero Guarani
Beneficiário:Edson Cezar Wendland
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático