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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Structural muscular adaptations in upper limb after stroke: a systematic review

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Autor(es):
Faturi, Fernanda Maria [1] ; Santos, Gabriela Lopes [1] ; Ocamoto, Gabriela Nagai [1] ; Russo, Thiago Luiz [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Fed Univ Sao Carlos UFSCar, Dept Phys Therapy, Lab Neurol Phys Therapy Res, Rodovia Washington Luis, Km 235, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation; v. 26, n. 1, p. 73-79, JAN 2 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background: Stroke is a leading cause of disability in the adult population, impairing upper limb (UL) movements affecting activities of daily living. Muscle weakness has been associated to disabilities in this population, but much attention is given to central nervous system alterations and less to skeletal muscles. Objective: The objective of this review is to carry out a systematic literature review to identify structural muscle alterations in the UL of poststroke individuals. Method: The search was performed in December, 2017. MEDLINE, PubMed, SCOPUS, CINAHL, and Science Direct were used as electronic databases. There was no restriction regarding language and publication dates. Studies conducted on poststroke subjects and results on UL skeletal muscle alterations identified by imaging tests were included. Results: Seven studies were included. The sample size and the variables varied among the studies. All the studies compared the paretic UL with the nonparetic UL and one of the studies also compared healthy subjects. Ultrasonography was the most used measurement tool to assess muscle adaptation. Conclusions: This review demonstrated little evidence with poor to fair quality on the structural muscle adaptations in the poststroke subjects, showing muscle atrophy, a higher stiffness, and amount of fibrous and fat tissue without alterations in lean tissue of distal muscles of the paretic UL compared to the nonparetic limb. However, the nonparetic side also presented alterations, which makes it an inappropriate comparison. Thus, well-designed studies addressing this issue are required. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/22173-5 - Caracterização da pressão intracraniana por método não invasivo em indivíduos pós AVC: relação com sedentarismo e sistema cardiovascular
Beneficiário:Gabriela Nagai Ocamoto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 14/25845-6 - Efeitos da bandagem elástica na propriocepção do ombro e no desempenho sensório-motor durante o alcance em indivíduos hemiparéticos crônicos
Beneficiário:Gabriela Lopes dos Santos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/21621-3 - Efeito do treino tarefa específica sobre adaptação muscular em gerbilos pós-acidente vascular encefálico isquêmico
Beneficiário:Thiago Luiz de Russo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular