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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Consequences of delays and imperfect implementation of isolation in epidemic control

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Autor(es):
Young, Lai-Sang [1] ; Ruschel, Stefan [2] ; Yanchuk, Serhiy [2] ; Pereira, Tiago [3, 4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] NYU, Courant Inst Math Sci, 251 Mercer St, New York, NY 10003 - USA
[2] Tech Univ Berlin, Inst Math, Berlin - Germany
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Matemat & Comp, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Imperial Coll London, Dept Math, London SW7 2AZ - England
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 9, MAR 5 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

For centuries isolation has been the main control strategy of unforeseen epidemic outbreaks. When implemented in full and without delay, isolation is very effective. However, flawless implementation is seldom feasible in practice. We present an epidemic model called SIQ with an isolation protocol, focusing on the consequences of delays and incomplete identification of infected hosts. The continuum limit of this model is a system of Delay Differential Equations, the analysis of which reveals clearly the dependence of epidemic evolution on model parameters including disease reproductive number, isolation probability, speed of identification of infected hosts and recovery rates. Our model offers estimates on minimum response capabilities needed to curb outbreaks, and predictions of endemic states when containment fails. Critical response capability is expressed explicitly in terms of parameters that are easy to obtain, to assist in the evaluation of funding priorities involving preparedness and epidemics management. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07375-0 - CeMEAI - Centro de Ciências Matemáticas Aplicadas à Indústria
Beneficiário:José Alberto Cuminato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 15/50122-0 - Fenômenos dinâmicos em redes complexas: fundamentos e aplicações
Beneficiário:Elbert Einstein Nehrer Macau
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático