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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Bracts and long-tube flowers of hummingbird-pollinated plants are conspicuous to hummingbirds but not to bees

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Autor(es):
Bergamo, Pedro Joaquim [1, 2] ; Wolowski, Marina [3] ; Telles, Francismeire Jane [4] ; Garcia De Brito, Vinicius Lourenco [5] ; Varassin, Isabela Galarda [6] ; Sazima, Marlies [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Grad Program Ecol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Plant Biol Dept, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Alfenas, Inst Nat Sci, BR-37130001 Alfenas, MG - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Uberlandia, Grad Program Ecol & Conservat Nat Resources, Campus Umuarama, Bloco 2D, Sala 26, BR-38400902 Uberlandia, MG - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Uberlandia, Inst Biol, Campus Umuarama, BR-38400902 Uberlandia, MG - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Parana, Bot Dept, Lab Interacoes & Biol Reprod, Curitiba, PR - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society; v. 126, n. 3, p. 533-544, MAR 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The bee avoidance' hypothesis posits that the colour of hummingbird-pollinated flowers will exclude bees, especially in long-tubed flowers, which are more subject to bee nectar robbers. However, many hummingbird-pollinated plants possess bracts, and the role of bract colour in bee avoidance has not previously been tested. We assessed the signal value of bract colours by comparing them with the petals of species with and without bracts. We expected the bracts would contrast and enhance the petal signal more to hummingbirds than to bees, especially in long-tubed flowers. We compared bract signals in the hummingbird and bee visual systems, petal signals between the bract and leaf background, and the relationship between flower length and bract colour. For species with bracts, the bracts contrasted more than petals in the hummingbird visual system, but less in the bee visual system. Petals contrasted more with the bract background than with the leaf background to hummingbirds, but not to bees. Bract colours of long-tubed flowers contrasted less than those of short-tubed flowers to bees. Our results show that bracts are attractive to hummingbirds, and have the potential to exclude antagonists in hummingbird-pollinated plants. These patterns support the bee avoidance hypothesis, especially in long-tubed flowers. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/06434-0 - Interações planta-polinizador em comunidades e a estruturação de atributos funcionais e do sucesso reprodutivo
Beneficiário:Pedro Joaquim Bergamo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/15129-9 - Isolamento reprodutivo e polinização em Nematanthus Schrad. e Codonanthe (Mart.) Hanst. (Gesneriaceae), dois gêneros de plantas epífitas da Floresta Atlântica
Beneficiário:Marina Wolowski Torres
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado