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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Salivary stress biomarkers and anxiety symptoms in children with and without temporomandibular disorders

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Kobayashi, Fernanda Yukie [1] ; Duarte Gaviao, Maria Beatriz [1] ; Salome Marquezin, Maria Carolina [1] ; Affonso Fonseca, Fernando Luiz [2] ; Marangoni Montes, Ana Bheatriz [3] ; Barbosa, Tais de Souza [4] ; Castelo, Paula Midori [2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Univ Campinas Unicamp, Piracicaba Dent Sch, Dept Pediat Dent, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo Unifesp, Dept Pharmaceut Sci, Diadema, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Oeste Paulista Unoeste, Dept Pediat Dent, Presidente Prudente, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Juiz de Fora UFJF, Dept Odontol, Governador Valadares, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brazilian Oral Research; v. 31, 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The etiology of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), which are considered as a heterogeneous group of psychophysiological disturbances, remains a controversial issue in clinical dentistry. This study aimed to evaluate whether the salivary alpha-amylase (sAA), cortisol levels, and anxiety symptoms differ between children with and without TMD. Initially, 316 young subjects were screened in public schools (nonreferred sample); 76 subjects aged 7-14 years were selected and comprised the TMD and control groups with 38 subjects each matched by sex, age, and the presence/absence of sleep bruxism. Four saliva samples were collected: upon waking, 30 min and 1 h after awakening (fasting), and at night (at 8 PM) on 2 alternate days to examine the diurnal profiles of cortisol and sAA. Anxiety symptoms were screened using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC-Brazilian version). Shapiro-Wilk test, Student's t-test/Mann-Whitney U test, and correlation tests were used for data analysis. No significant differences were observed in the salivary cortisol area under the curve (AUC(G) mean +/- SD = 90.22 +/- 63.36 x 94.21 +/- 63.13 mu g/dL/min) and sAA AUC(G) (mean +/- SD = 2544.52 +/- 2142.00 x 2054.03 +/- 1046.89 U/mL/min) between the TMD and control groups, respectively (p > 0.05); however, the clinical groups differed in social anxiety domain (t = 3.759; CI = 2.609, 8.496), separation/panic (t = 2.243; CI = 0.309, 5.217), physical symptoms (U = 433.500), a nd MASC total s core (t = -3.527; CI = -23.062, -6.412), with a power of the test >80% and large effect size (d = 0.80), with no significant correlation between the MASC total score, cortisol, and sAA levels. Although children with TMD scored higher in anxiety symptoms, no difference was observed in the salivary stress biomarkers between children with and without TMD. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50419-2 - Comportamento e saúde bucal: perspectivas interdisciplinares e aspectos emocionais no processo saúde-doença
Beneficiário:Antonio Bento Alves de Moraes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/01447-0 - Avaliação das disfunções orofaciais e temporomandibulares, força de mordida e níveis salivares de cortisol e alfa-amilase em crianças e adolescentes
Beneficiário:Fernanda Yukie Kobayashi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado