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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Distinct environmental enrichment protocols reduce anxiety but differentially modulate pain sensitivity in rats

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Autor(es):
Kimura, Louise Faggionato [1, 2] ; de Moura Mattaraia, Vania Gomes [3] ; Picolo, Gisele [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Butantan, Lab Especial Dor & Sinalizacao, Av Vital Brasil 1500, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Biomed 1, Dept Farmacol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Butantan, Bioterio Cent, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Behavioural Brain Research; v. 364, p. 442-446, MAY 17 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Environmental enrichment (EE) can alter anxiety as well as perception of nociceptive stimuli, suggesting a relationship between well-being and analgesia. Considering that, we aimed to evaluate the influence of different EE types on anxiety and peripheral pain sensitivity of male Wistar rats. Animals were submitted to two different types of EE: On the first one, animals were housed in standard size cages after weaning and received three different objects, one type per week, on a regular basis (simple EE - sEE). On the second one, animals were born in an already enriched environment and, after five weeks, were housed in larger cages and received five different objects, three of each type per week, on a regular basis (improved EE - iEE). Control group remained in standard cages and did not receive objects. Within 7 weeks of life, anxiety and thermal sensibility were evaluated using elevated plus maze and tail flick tests, respectively. Mechanical hyperalgesia was analyzed in the presence of acute and chronic noxious stimuli by paw pressure test. Both EE protocols tested were effective in diminish anxiety but they did not alter thermal sensibility. On the other hand, sEE protocol did not alter acute and chronic induced mechanical hypersensitivity, whereas iEE completely abolished such pain behavior, even without exercise wheel as part of the enrichment. Our results show that specific parameters (anxiety and pain sensitivity) can be differentially modulated depending on EE protocol used, making possible the implementation of welfare to experimental animals in pain research. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/17974-2 - Avaliação do efeito da crotoxina na dor e nos sinais clínicos de animais portadores de encefalomielite autoimune experimental, um modelo animal de esclerose múltipla
Beneficiário:Gisele Picolo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 08/57898-0 - Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Toxinas
Beneficiário:Osvaldo Augusto Brazil Esteves Sant'Anna
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/20795-8 - Influência do enriquecimento ambiental na sensibilidade dolorosa de animais e no seu controle: possível interferência na expressão e ativação de receptores opioides
Beneficiário:Louise Faggionato Kimura Vieira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado