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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The role of air pollution and climate on the growth of urban trees

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Autor(es):
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Locosselli, Giuliano Maselli [1, 2] ; de Camargo, Evelyn Pereira [1, 2] ; Lopes Moreira, Tiana Carla [3] ; Todesco, Enzo [4] ; Andrade, Maria de Fatima [4] ; Saldiva de Andre, Carmen Diva [5] ; de Andre, Paulo Afonso [3] ; Singer, Julio M. [5] ; Ferreira, Luciana Schwandner [6] ; Nascimento Saldiva, Paulo Hilario [3, 2] ; Buckeridge, Marcos Silveira [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Estudos Avancados, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron & Geofis, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Matemat & Estat, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Arquitetura & Urbanismo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Science of The Total Environment; v. 666, p. 652-661, MAY 20 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The urban environment features poor air quality and harsher climate conditions that affect the life in the cities. Citizens are especially vulnerable to climate change, because heat island and impervious exacerbates extreme climate events. Urban trees are important tools for mitigation and adaptation of cities to climate change because they provide ecosystem services that increase while trees grow. Nonetheless, the growth of trees may be affected by the harsher conditions found in the urban environment. We assessed the impact of air pollution and climate on the spatial/temporal variability of tree growth in Sao Paulo, Brazil, one of the largest urban conglomerates in the world. For this purpose, we sampled 41 trees of the Tipuana tipu species in a region that includes industrial areas. We built a tree-ring chronology using standard dendrochronological methods. Spatial analyses show that trees grow faster in the warmer parts of the city and under higher concentrations of airborne P, whereas growth is reduced under higher concentrations of Al, Ba, Zn. Particulate matter (PM10) from the industrial cluster also reduce average growth rate of trees, up to 37% in all diameter classes. Similar results were obtained via temporal analyses, suggesting that the annual growth rate is positively associated with temperature, which explain 16% of interannual growth variability. Precipitation, on the other hand, has no association with tree growth. The average concentration of PM10 explains 41% of interannual growth variability, and higher concentrations during the driest months reduce growth rate. Despite heat island effect and water limitation in the soil of the city, this species takes advantage of warmer conditions and it is not limited by water availability as measured by precipitation. On the other hand, air pollution directly impacts the growth of these trees being a major limiting growth factor. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/21728-2 - Uso de modernas técnicas de autópsia na investigação de doenças humanas (MODAU)
Beneficiário:Paulo Hilário Nascimento Saldiva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 15/25511-3 - Reconstrução do clima e da poluição baseada nos registros de anéis de crescimento de árvores urbanas
Beneficiário:Giuliano Maselli Locosselli
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/10544-9 - Dendrocronologia de Cedrela fissilis de um parque urbano de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Evelyn Pereira de Camargo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 08/57908-6 - Instituto Nacional de Biotecnologia para o Bioetanol
Beneficiário:Marcos Silveira Buckeridge
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático