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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Reduced caveolae density in arteries of SHR contributes to endothelial dysfunction and ROS production

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Potje, Simone R. [1] ; Grando, Marcella D. [1] ; Chignalia, Andreia Z. [2] ; Antoniali, Cristina [3] ; Bendhack, Lusiane M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Phys & Chem, Fac Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Arizona, Coll Med, Dept Anesthesiol, Tucson, AZ - USA
[3] State Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Basic Sci, Sch Dent, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 9, APR 30 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Caveolae are plasma membrane invaginations enriched with high cholesterol and sphingolipid content; they also contain caveolin proteins in their structure. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), an enzyme that synthesizes nitric oxide (NO) by converting L-arginine to L-citrulline, is highly concentrated in plasma membrane caveolae. Hypertension is associated with decreased NO production and impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that follow hypertension is important. For this study, we hypothesized that spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) vessels should have a smaller number of caveolae, and that the caveolae structure should be disrupted in these vessels. This should impair the eNOS function and diminish NO bioavailability. Therefore, we aimed to investigate caveolae integrity and density in SHR aortas and mesenteric arteries and the role played by caveolae in endothelium-dependent relaxation. We have been able to show the presence of caveolae-like structures in SHR aortas and mesenteric arteries. Increased phenylephrine-induced contractile response after treatment with dextrin was related to lower NO release. In addition, impaired acetylcholine-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation could be related to decreased caveolae density in SHR vessels. The most important finding of this study was that cholesterol depletion with dextrin induced eNOS phosphorylation at Serine(1177) (Ser(1177)) and boosted reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in normotensive rat and SHR vessels, which suggested eNOS uncoupling. Dextrin plus L-NAME or BH4 decreased ROS production in aorta and mesenteric arteries supernatant's of both SHR and normotensive groups. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) treated with dextrin confirmed eNOS uncoupling, as verified by the reduced eNOS dimer/monomer ratio. BH4, L-arginine, or BH4 plus L-arginine inhibited eNOS monomerization. All these results showed that caveolae structure and integrity are essential for endothelium-dependent relaxation. Additionally, a smaller number of caveolae is associated with hypertension. Finally, caveolae disruption promotes eNOS uncoupling in normotensive and hypertensive rat vessels and in HUVECs. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/14797-9 - Estrutura da cavéola e sua modulação pelo glicocálice e o processo de mecanotransdução na hipertensão essencial
Beneficiário:Lusiane Maria Bendhack
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/22180-9 - Avaliação de mecanismos de modificação pós-translacionais que aumentam a biodisponibilidade do óxido nítrico em vasos de ratas normotensas e espontaneamente hipertensas SHR)ao final da prenhez
Beneficiário:Cristina Antoniali Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/21239-0 - Estrutura da caveola e sua modulação pelo glicocálice e o processo de mecanotransdução na hipertensão essencial
Beneficiário:Simone Regina Potje
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado