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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Short-term warming and water stress affect Panicum maximum Jacq. stoichiometric homeostasis and biomass production

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Autor(es):
Olivera Viciedo, Dilier [1, 2] ; Prado, Renato de Mello [1] ; Martinez, Carlos Alberto [3] ; Habermann, Eduardo [3] ; Piccolo, Marisa de Cassia [4]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Sch Agr & Vet Sci, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sancti Spiritus Jose Marti Perez UNISS, Agron Dept, Sancti Spiritus - Cuba
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biol, Ribeirao Preto FFCLRP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Nucl Energy Agr, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Science of The Total Environment; v. 681, p. 267-274, SEP 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Climate changes affect the growth of forage species. However, information regarding the effects of global climate change on the stoichiometry of tropical pastures is lacking, especially under field conditions. Such information is crucial to understand how temperature conditions and water availability states are likely to affect the stoichiometric homeostasis and biomass production of Panicum maximum, an important C4 tropical forage species, under future climate change scenarios. Thus, we, conducted a field experiment using a temperature free-air controlled enhancement system and evaluated the effects of two temperature conditions, ambient temperature and moderate warming (2 degrees C above ambient canopy temperature), and two levels of water availability, irrigated and non-irrigated, on the stoichiometric patterns of C:N:P and leaf biomass production. The experiment was conducted using a randomized complete block design in a factorial arrangement with four replications over 3 weeks. Our findings revealed that the N and P leaf concentration greatly decreased in water-stressed plants, which increased the C:N and C:P ratios, while warming increased the N:P ratio. Leaf biomass production was impaired by up to 16% under water stress and ambient temperature conditions, but the biomass production was improved by 20% under warming and irrigated conditions. Our findings showed that homeostatic instability under rainfed conditions resulted in decreased leaf biomass production. Therefore, we concluded that warming is only beneficial for plant growth (i.e., a high homeostatic capacity was main-tained) under well-irrigated conditions. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/58075-8 - Miniface climate-change impact experiment to analyze the effects of elevated CO2 and warming on photosynthesis, gene expression, biochemistry, growth, nutrient dynamics and yield of two contrasting tropical forage species
Beneficiário:Carlos Alberto Martinez y Huaman
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático