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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Dietary share of ultra-processed foods and metabolic syndrome in the US adult population

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Steele, Euridice Martinez [1, 2] ; Juul, Filippa [3] ; Neri, Daniela [1, 2] ; Rauber, Fernanda [1, 2] ; Monteiro, Carlos A. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Epidemiol Studies Hlth & Nutr, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Nutr, Sch Publ Hlth, Av Dr Arnaldo 715, BR-01246907 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] NYU, Coll Global Publ Hlth, New York, NY 10012 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PREVENTIVE MEDICINE; v. 125, p. 40-48, AUG 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

This study sought to examine the relationship between dietary share of ultra-processed foods and metabolic syndrome among US adults. We studied 6, 385 participants from the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2014, aged 20+ years, with blood tests under fasting conditions and at least one 24-hour dietary recall. Food items were classified according to the extent and purpose of industrial food processing. Ultra-processed foods (UPF) are formulations of many ingredients, mostly of exclusive industrial use, that result from a sequence of industrial processes (hence ultra-processed). Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) was defined according to the 2009 Joint Scientific Statement as meeting three or more of the following criteria: (1) elevated waist circumference (2) elevated fasting plasma glucose (3) elevated blood pressure (4) elevated triglycerides (5) reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C). Poisson regression models with robust variance adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, family income, education, physical activity and smoking showed significant linear association between the dietary contribution of UPF and the prevalence of MetS (a 10% increase in contribution was associated with a 4% prevalence increase) (prevalence ratio -PR- = 1.04; 95% CI 1.02, 1.07). A dietary UPF contribution of >71% (5th population quintile) was associated with 28% higher prevalence of MetS compared to a contribution below 40% (1st population quintile) (PR = 1.28; 95% CI 1.09, 1.50). The association was stronger in young adults (PR between upper and lower quintiles = 1.94; 95% CI 1.39, 2.72) and decreased with age. These findings add to the growing evidence that UPF consumption is associated with diet-related non-communicable diseases. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/25853-4 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados, perfil nutricional da dieta e desfechos de saúde entre crianças e adolescentes dos Estados Unidos
Beneficiário:Daniela Neri Gama de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/14302-7 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados e indicadores de qualidade nutricional da dieta na Austrália
Beneficiário:Fernanda Rauber
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/17972-9 - Alimentos ultraprocessados e o 'protein leverage hypothesis': estudo em sete países
Beneficiário:Eurídice Martínez Steele
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/14900-9 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados, perfil nutricional da dieta e obesidade em sete países
Beneficiário:Carlos Augusto Monteiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático