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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Land restoration by tree planting in the tropics and subtropics improves soil it infiltration, but some critical gaps still hinder conclusive results

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Autor(es):
Lozano-Baez, Sergio E. [1] ; Cooper, Miguel [2] ; Meli, Paula [3] ; Ferraz, Silvio F. B. [4] ; Rodrigues, Ricardo Ribeiro [5] ; Sauer, Thomas J. [6]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Ecol & Forest Restorat LERF, Dept Forest Sci, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Soil Sci, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Forest Sci, Lab Trop Forestry LASTROP, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Forest Hydrol Lab, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Biol Sci, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[6] ARS, USDA, Natl Lab Agr & Environm, 1015 North Univ Blvd, Ames, IA 50011 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT; v. 444, p. 89-95, JUL 15 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Infiltration is one of the most important hydrological processes in ecosystems, having important influence on soil erosion control and runoff, soil moisture content and groundwater recharge. This is particularly important considering the recent growing number of restoration initiatives worldwide encouraging forest cover expansion, mainly by tree planting. Here, we conducted a systematic review of scientific literature reporting infiltration measurements in forests restored by tree planting in the tropics and subtropics. We found 11 studies representing 67 data comparisons in eight countries. Overall results indicate that infiltration increases but is not fully recovered to reference conditions in forests restored by tree planting. Recovery of infiltration varied depending on land-use, soil texture and restoration age. Recovery of infiltration was higher for cultivated than for pastures and bare soils. Clayey soils had higher infiltration recovery than sandy soils. Our findings identified some knowledge gaps that should be addressed to improve our understanding of when and why tree planting to restore forests may promote the recovery of infiltration in tropical and subtropical soils. First, information about recovery of infiltration capacities when using tree planting for forest restoration results are scarce. Second, infiltration in restored forests should be monitored over time, including long-term studies and measurements on water movement through the soil profile and evaluating potential interactions between infiltration and soil attributes. Details on the effects that different forest restoration techniques (e.g., soil preparation, tree species diversity and densities) could have on infiltration is virtually unknown. Information on the influence of disturbance level on infiltration prior to tree planting is also severely lacking. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50718-5 - Restauração ecológica de florestas ciliares, de florestas nativas de produção econômica e de fragmentos florestais degradados (em APP e RL), com base na ecologia de restauração de ecossistemas de referência, visando testar cientificamente os preceitos do Novo Código Florestal Brasileiro
Beneficiário:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/00052-9 - Compreendendo os aspectos ecológicos, jurídicos e sociais da relação água-floresta com importância por serviços ecossistêmicos
Beneficiário:Paula Meli
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 99/09635-0 - Diversidade, dinâmica e conservação de árvores em florestas do estado de São Paulo: estudos em parcelas permanentes
Beneficiário:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático