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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Further evidence of automatic reinforcement effects on verbal form

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Autor(es):
Dal Ben, Rodrigo [1] ; Goyos, Celso [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Psychol, Rodovia Washington Luis, Km 235, 676, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR; v. 35, n. 1, p. 74-84, APR 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The form of a verbal response allows for reinforcement mediation and language transmission across cultures. Reinforcement, in turn, plays a decisive role in learning verbal forms. The present work addresses methodological limitations of previous studies, providing further evidence of the role of automatic reinforcement in achieving parity with vocal models. In the first experiment, 4 preschool-age children heard the experimenter describe drawings of different actions in the passive voice. Participants were then asked to describe analogous drawings. They used the passive voice after the model was presented and continued to do so even when preferred explicit consequences followed diverging descriptions (i.e., in the active voice). To further investigate the effects of explicit reinforcement and of the passive-voice model, in Experiment 2, we altered the number of trials with explicit reinforcement and with the model. Three of four participants used the passive voice to describe the drawings, despite greater exposure to explicit consequences following descriptions diverging from the model. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/24761-0 - O papel da modelação, reforçamento explícito e reforçamento automático nas descrições em voz passiva: replicação de Wright (2006) e Ostvik et al. (2012)
Beneficiário:Rodrigo Dal Ben de Souza
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado