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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Birth weight, verbal cognition in early adolescence, and lexical and reading skills in late adolescence: a formal mediation analysis using a potential outcomes approach

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Autor(es):
da Silva, Anderson Ribeiro [1] ; Puglisi, Marina Leite [2] ; Pompeia, Sabine [3] ; Ploubidis, George B. [4] ; Swardfager, Walter [5, 6, 7] ; Cogo-Moreira, Hugo [1, 8]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psychiat, Rua Pedro Toledo, 669-3 Floor, Vila Clementino, BR-04039032 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Speech & Language Therapy, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psychobiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] UCL, UCL Inst Educ, Ctr Longitudinal Studies, Dept Social Sci, London - England
[5] Sunnybrook Res Inst, Hurvitz Brain Sci Program, Toronto, ON - Canada
[6] Univ Toronto, Fac Med, Dept Pharmacol & Toxicol, Toronto, ON - Canada
[7] Toronto Rehab Univ Hlth Network, KITE, Toronto, ON - Canada
[8] Free Univ Berlin, Methods & Evolut Div, Dept Educ & Psychol, Berlin - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY; v. 60, n. 7, p. 773-783, JUL 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Background Oral and written language in late adolescence are influenced by many pre- and postnatal factors, including cognitive performance at earlier ages. We investigated whether the association between birth weight and lexical knowledge and reading comprehension in late adolescence (14-16 years) is mediated by verbal cognition during early adolescence (10-11 years). Methods We conducted a mediation analysis via a potential outcomes approach to data from three United Kingdom (UK) prospective birth cohorts - The National Child Development Study (NCDS; year of birth (Y.B.) = 1,958; analytic sample size (A.N.) = 9,399; original sample size (O.N.) = 18,558), British Cohort Study (BCS70; Y.B. = 1,970; A.N. = 6,591; O.N. = 17,196), and Millennium Cohort Study (MCS; Y.B. = 2,000-2,001; A.N. = 3,950; O.N. = 18,552) - to evaluate the indirect effects of birth weight on lexical knowledge (BCS and MCS) and reading comprehension measures (NCDS) in adolescence. Results We found an indirect effect but no statistically significant direct effects for the BCS and MCS cohorts. The proportion of the effect of birth weight on oral and written language in late adolescence mediated by early adolescence verbal cognition was 59.19% (BCS) and 8.41% (MCS) for lexical knowledge and 61.00% when the outcome was reading comprehension (NCDS). Sensitivity analyses, used to assess whether unmeasured variables could have affected our mediation estimates, showed that for reading comprehension, in NCDS, the indirect effect is robust; only unmeasured confounders highly correlated with the mediator and outcome (rho = .68) would explain away the indirect effect. For lexical knowledge, smaller correlations with hypothetical confounders (rho = .33 for BCS) would suffice to render the indirect effect non-significant; the indirect effect for MCS non statistical significant. Conclusions Birth weight affects oral and written language skills (lexical knowledge and reading comprehension) in late adolescence via verbal cognition in early adolescence in two cohorts born in 1958 and 1970, but not in a cohort born at the turn of the millennium. These indirect effects were stronger than the direct effects and are unlikely to be explained by unmeasured confounders when the outcome involves complex skills such as reading comprehension. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/50195-0 - Health and abilities measurement in population surveys: an application of the generalized latent variable modeling framework to high dimensional data
Beneficiário:Hugo Cogo Moreira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular