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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Appetite effects of prefrontal stimulation depend on COMT Val158Met polymorphism: A randomized clinical trial

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Autor(es):
Fassini, Priscila Giacomo [1] ; Das, Sai Krupa [2] ; Miguel Suen, Vivian Marques [3] ; Magerowski, Greta [1] ; Marchini, Julio Sergio [3] ; da Silva Junior, Wilson Araujo [3] ; Changyu, Shen ; Alonso-Alonso, Miguel [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Harvard Med Sch, Beth Israel Deaconess Med Ctr, Ctr Study Nutr Med, Lab Bariatr & Nutr Neurosci, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA 02215 - USA
[2] Tufts Univ, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutr Ctr Aging, Energy Metab Lab, 711 Washington St, Boston, MA 02111 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Internal Med, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: APPETITE; v. 140, p. 142-150, SEP 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The regulation of appetite is supported by dopamine-modulated brain circuits. Recent studies have shown that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) aimed at increasing the excitability of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex can reduce appetite, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown, and response variability is large. The aim of this study was to determine whether individual differences in Catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism can influence tDCS effects on appetite. Thirty-eight adult women with obesity, classified as carriers or non-carriers of the Met allele, underwent a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled tDCS intervention involving three phases: Phase I, target engagement (immediate effects of tDCS on working memory performance), Phase II, tDCS only (10 sessions, two weeks), and Phase III, tDCS + hypocaloric diet (6 sessions, two weeks, 30% energy intake reduction, inpatient). Data were analyzed using linear mixed-effects models and mixed ANCOVA. Appetite was evaluated using visual analogue scales. We found that Met-carriers receiving active tDCS were the only participants who experienced a significant reduction of appetite over time. Conversely, Met non-carriers maintained high levels of appetite during the intervention; this effect was driven by a delayed paradoxical rise in appetite after stimulation. Working memory task performance at phase I correlated with subsequent appetite change in a COMT-dependent manner: speed improvements during the task predicted appetite increase in Met carriers and appetite reduction in Met non-carriers. Our findings suggest that genotype differences impacting dopamine levels influence prefrontal tDCS effects on appetite. This source of variability should be considered in the design of future studies. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/04766-6 - Neuromodulação não invasiva do córtex frontal de sujeitos com obesidade: estudo prova de conceito
Beneficiário:Priscila Giacomo Fassini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/10785-3 - Neuromodulação não invasiva do córtex frontal de sujeitos com obesidade: estudo prova de conceito
Beneficiário:Vivian Marques Miguel Suen
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular