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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

An Ancient Lineage of Highly Divergent Parvoviruses Infects both Vertebrate and Invertebrate Hosts

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Autor(es):
Penzes, Judit J. [1, 2] ; de Souza, William Marciel [3] ; Agbandje-McKenna, Mavis [1, 2] ; Gifford, Robert J. [4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Florida, McKnight Brain Inst, 1149 Newell Dr, Gainesville, FL 32610 - USA
[2] Univ Florida, Dept Biochem & Mol Biol, 1149 Newell Dr, Gainesville, FL 32610 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Virol Res Ctr, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[4] Univ Glasgow, Ctr Virus Res, Med Res Council, 464 Bearsden Rd, Glasgow G61 1QH, Lanark - Scotland
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Viruses-Basel; v. 11, n. 6 JUN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Chapparvoviruses (ChPVs) comprise a divergent, recently identified group of parvoviruses (family Parvoviridae), associated with nephropathy in immunocompromised laboratory mice and with prevalence in deep sequencing results of livestock showing diarrhea. Here, we investigate the biological and evolutionary characteristics of ChPVs via comparative in silico analyses, incorporating sequences derived from endogenous parvoviral elements (EPVs) as well as exogenous parvoviruses. We show that ChPVs are an ancient lineage within the Parvoviridae, clustering separately from members of both currently established subfamilies. Consistent with this, they exhibit a number of characteristic features, including several putative auxiliary protein-encoding genes, and capsid proteins with no sequence-level homology to those of other parvoviruses. Homology modeling indicates the absence of a beta -A strand, normally part of the luminal side of the parvoviral capsid protein core. Our findings demonstrate that the ChPV lineage infects an exceptionally broad range of host species, including both vertebrates and invertebrates. Furthermore, we observe that ChPVs found in fish are more closely related to those from invertebrates than they are to those of amniote vertebrates. This suggests that transmission between distantly related host species may have occurred in the past and that the Parvoviridae family can no longer be divided based on host affiliation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/13981-0 - Caracterização, genômica e diagnóstico de vírus com importância em saúde pública no Brasil por sequenciamento de alto desempenho
Beneficiário:William Marciel de Souza
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado