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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

TLR9 agonist adsorbed to alum adjuvant prevents asthma-like responses induced by Blomia tropicalis mite extract

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Nunes, Fernanda P. B. [1] ; Alberca-Custodio, Ricardo Wesley [1] ; Gomes, Eliane [1] ; Fonseca, Denise M. [1] ; Yokoyama, Nicole H. [1] ; Labrada, Alexis [2] ; Russo, Momtchilo [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo ICB USP, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Immunol, Lab Immunobiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Ctr Nacl Biopreparados, Dept Allergens, Havana - Cuba
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Leukocyte Biology; v. 106, n. 3, SI JULY 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Blomia tropicalis mite is highly prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions and it is associated with allergic diseases such as rhinitis and asthma. By using an OVA-model of allergic lung disease, we have previously shown that sensitization in the presence of toll like receptors (TLRs) agonists attenuates subsequent OVA-induced allergic responses. Here, we evaluated the effect of CpG-ODN, a specific synthetic TLR-9 agonist, on the development of experimental asthma induced by Blomia tropicalis extract, a relevant source of aeroallergens. Among different protocols of Blomia tropicalis extract sensitization, the subcutaneous sensitization in the presence of alum adjuvant induced the highest Th2 responses, including high IgE levels. Adsorption of CpG to Blomia tropicalis extract/Alum attenuated the airway hyperreactivity, the infiltration of inflammatory cells including eosinophils, and the IL-5 content in BAL. In addition, lung peribronchial inflammatory infiltrate, mucus production and IL-5-producing CD3(+)CD4(+) T cells were significantly reduced in the Blomia tropicalis extract/Alum+CpG group. Importantly, CpG inhibited total IgE production as well as active systemic or cutaneous anaphylaxis reactions. Inhibition of pulmonary Th2 responses was associated with increased IL-10 production but not with IFN-gamma production. Notably, in IL-10-deficient mice, sensitization with OVA/Alum+CpG resulted in intense lung neutrophilia and IFN-gamma production, indicating that IL-10 is necessary to inhibit subsequent Th1 immunity. Our work highlights the mechanisms of allergy attenuation by CpG and it indicates the potential use of Alum-based formulation with CpG to treat allergic processes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/16728-9 - Imunoterapia na asma experimental por agonistas de receptores toll-like
Beneficiário:Fernanda Peixoto Barbosa Nunes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/25364-0 - Cicatriz imunológica pós-infecção intestinal aguda e desenvolvimento de desordens metabólicas: estudo das interações entre a microbiota e sistema imunológico do mesentério
Beneficiário:Denise Morais da Fonseca
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 13/24694-1 - Imunoterapia na asma experimental por agonistas de receptores toll-like, infecção ou tolerância
Beneficiário:Momtchilo Russo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/16602-8 - Imunoterapia na asma experimental por CpG
Beneficiário:Ricardo Wesley Alberca Custódio
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado