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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effect of Increasing Blood Pressure With Noradrenaline on the Microcirculation of Patients With Septic Shock and Previous Arterial Hypertension

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Fiorese Coimbra, Karla Tuanny [1] ; Rezende de Freitas, Flavio Geraldo [1] ; Bafi, Antonio Tonete [1] ; Pinheiro, Tuanny Teixeira [1] ; Nunes, Nathaly Fonseca [1] ; Pontes de Azevedo, Luciano Cesar [1] ; Machado, Flavia Ribeiro [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Anesthesiol Pain & Intens Care Dept, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Critical Care Medicine; v. 47, n. 8, p. 1033-1040, AUG 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Objectives: To assess whether an increase in mean arterial pressure in patients with septic shock and previous systemic arterial hypertension changes microcirculatory and systemic hemodynamic variables compared with patients without arterial hypertension (control). Design: Prospective, nonblinded, interventional study. Setting: Three ICUs in two teaching hospitals. Patients: After informed consent, we included patients older than 18 years with septic shock for at least 6 hours, sedated, and under mechanical ventilation. We paired patients with and without arterial hypertension by age. Interventions: After obtaining systemic and microcirculation baseline hemodynamic variables (time 0), we increased noradrenaline dose to elevate mean arterial pressure up to 85-90 mm Hg before collecting a new set of measurements (time 1). Measurements and Main Results: We included 40 patients (20 in each group). There was no significant difference in age between the groups. After the rise in mean arterial pressure, there was a significant increase in cardiac index and a slight but significant reduction in lactate in both groups. We observed a significant improvement in the proportion of perfused vessels (control: 57.2 +/- 14% to 66 +/- 14.8%; arterial hypertension: 61.4 +/- 12.3% to 70.8 +/- 7.1%; groups: p = 0.29; T0 and T1: p < 0.001; group and time interaction: p = 0.85); perfused vessels density (control: 15.6 +/- 4 mm/mm(2) to 18.6 +/- 4.5 mm/mm(2); arterial hypertension: 16.4 +/- 3.5 mm/mm(2) to 19.1 +/- 3 mm/mm(2); groups: p = 0.51; T0 and T1: p < 0.001; group and time interaction: p = 0.70), and microcirculatory flow index (control: 2.1 +/- 0.6 to 2.4 +/- 0.6; arterial hypertension: 2.1 +/- 0.5 to 2.6 +/- 0.2; groups: p = 0.71; T0 and T1: p = 0.002; group and time interaction: p = 0.45) in both groups. Conclusions: Increasing mean arterial pressure with noradrenaline in septic shock patients improves density and flow in small vessels of sublingual microcirculation. However, this improvement occurs both in patients with previous arterial hypertension and in those without arterial hypertension. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/19051-1 - Efeito da elevação da pressão arterial com noradrenalina sobre a microcirculação de pacientes com choque séptico e hipertensão arterial prévia
Beneficiário:Flavia Ribeiro Machado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular