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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Bioproduction of N-acetyl-glucosamine from colloidal alpha-chitin using an enzyme cocktail produced by Aeromonas caviae CHZ306

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Autor(es):
Cardozo, Flavio Augusto [1] ; Facchinatto, William Marcondes [2] ; Colnago, Luiz Alberto [3] ; Campana-Filho, Sergio Paulo [2] ; Pessoa, Adalberto [4]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Biomed Sci Inst, Dept Microbiol, 1374 Prof Lineu Prestes Ave, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Inst Chem, Trabalhador Sao Carlense Ave 400, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Instrumentat, R XV Novembro 1452, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Biochem & Pharmaceut Technol, 580 Prof Lineu Prestes Ave, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY; v. 35, n. 8 AUG 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (GlcNAc) is an important amino-monosaccharide with great potential for biotechnological applications. It has traditionally been produced by the chemical hydrolysis of chitin, despite certain industrial and environmental drawbacks, including acidic wastes, low yields and high costs. Therefore, enzymatic production has gained attention as a promising environmentally-friendly alternative to the chemical processes. In this study we demonstrate the GlcNAc bioproduction from colloidal alpha-chitin using an enzyme cocktail containing endochitinases and exochitinases (chitobiosidases and N-acetyl-glucosaminidases). The enzyme cocktail was extracted after fermentation in a bioreactor by Aeromonas caviae CHZ306, a chitinolytic marine bacterium with great potential for chitinase production. Hydrolysis parameters were studied in terms of temperature, pH, enzyme and substrate concentration, and reaction time, achieving over 90% GlcNAc yield within 6h. The use of colloidal alpha-chitin as substrate showed a substantial improvement of GlcNAc yields, when compared with beta-chitin and alpha-chitin polymorphs. Such result is directly related to a significant decrease in crystallinity and viscosity from natural alpha-chitin, providing the chitinase with greater accessibility to the depolymerized chains. This study provides valuable information on the GlcNAc bioproduction from chitin using an enzymatic approach, addressing the key points for its production, including the enzyme cocktail composition and the substrate structures. {[}GRAPHICS] . (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/20970-2 - Estudo de quitosanas e derivados hidrofílicos por RMN no domínio do tempo
Beneficiário:William Marcondes Facchinatto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/16824-0 - Produção enzimática de N-acetil-glicosamina por Aeromonas SP. isolada do ecossistema marinho
Beneficiário:Flávio Augusto Cardozo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/18773-6 - Conversão de quitina em N-acetil-glicosamina utilizando quitinases de Aeromonas sp. isolada do ambiente marinho
Beneficiário:Gabriel Padilla
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular