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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Bioactive glass and high-intensity lasers as a promising treatment for dentin hypersensitivity: An in vitro study

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Lee, Ester M. R. [1] ; Borges, Roger [2] ; Marchi, Juliana [2] ; Eduardo, Carlos de Paula [1] ; Marques, Marcia M. [3]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Dent, Dept Restorat Dent, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ ABC, Ctr Nat Sci & Humanities, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Ibirapuera, Sch Dent, Post Grad Program, Av Interlagos 1329-4, BR-04661100 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS RESEARCH PART B-APPLIED BIOMATERIALS; AUG 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

This in vitro study aimed to analyze the physical and chemical characteristics of the hypersensitive human dentin-like surface after application of a bioactive glass (BG) paste (BG/Ac) irradiated or not with high-power lasers. Dentin specimens were treated with 17% Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) solution to mimic a hypersensitive dentin and then submitted to neodymium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser or CO2 laser irradiation prior and after application of BG/Ac. Characterizations were performed by using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The results suggested that application of BG/Ac by itself caused some obstructions of dentinal tubules. Nd:YAG laser irradiation reduced the opening of the dentinal tubules with no changes in the collagen structure. CO2 laser irradiation caused dentin melting and resolidification along with cracks and chemical changes in collagen fibers. However, when BG/Ac paste was irradiated with lasers, a sequence of surface reactions between glass and dentin interface led to the formation of an amorphous hydroxyapatite layer, similar to that of an inorganic component of the normal dentin. Moreover, BG/Ac was able to prevent the formation of cracks and degradation of collagen fibers caused by CO2 irradiation. Overall, this study supports that application of BG/Ac paste irradiated by high-power laser could represent an effective and long-lasting therapeutic approach for dentin hypersensitivity. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/16512-9 - Desenvolvimento de um sistema carreador para liberação simultânea de fármaco e íons provenientes de vidros biocompatíveis a partir de uma matriz de hidrogel com os objetivos de auxiliar no tratamento de câncer ósseo e estimular a reparação óssea
Beneficiário:Juliana Marchi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/19924-2 - Estudo e desenvolvimento de novos materiais avançados: eletrônicos, magnéticos e nanoestruturados: uma abordagem interdisciplinar
Beneficiário:Carlos Rettori
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático