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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Expansive Vascular Remodeling and Increased Vascular Calcification Response to Cholecalciferol in a Murine Model of Obesity and Insulin Resistance

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Carmo, Luciana S. [1, 2] ; Burdmann, Emmanuel A. [1] ; Fessel, Melissa R. [2] ; Almeida, Youri E. [2] ; Pescatore, Luciana A. [2] ; Farias-Silva, Elisangela [2] ; Gamarra, Lionel F. [2] ; Lopes, Gabriel H. [2] ; Aloia, Thiago P. A. [2] ; Liberman, Marcel [2, 3]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Div Nephrol, LIM 12, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Dept IIEP Res & Teaching Inst, Ave Albert Einstein 627, Floor 2SS Morumbi, BR-05651901 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Dept Crit Care Med & Cardiol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ARTERIOSCLEROSIS THROMBOSIS AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY; v. 39, n. 2, p. 200-211, FEB 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Objective- We hypothesized that ob/ob mice develop expansive vascular remodeling associated with calcification. Approach and Results- We quantified and investigated mechanisms of vascular remodeling and vascular calcification in ob/ob mice after vitamin D-3(VD) stimulation or PBS (control), compared with C57BL/6 mice. Both ob/ob (OBVD {[}VD-treated ob/ob mice]) and C57BL/6 (C57VD {[}VD-treated C57BL/6 mice]) received 8x10(3) IU/day of intraperitoneal VD for 14 days. Control ob/ob (OBCT {[}PBS-treated ob/ob mice]) and C57BL/6 (C57CT {[}PBS-treated C57BL/6 mice]) received intraperitoneal PBS for 14 days. Hypervitaminosis D increased the external and internal elastic length in aortae from OBVD, resulting in increased total vascular area and lumen vascular area, respectively, which characterizes expansive vascular remodeling. OBVD decreased the aortic wall thickness, resulting in hypotrophic vascular remodeling. We demonstrated increased collagen deposition, elastolysis, and calcification in aortae from OBVD. Our results showed a positive correlation between expansive vascular remodeling and vascular calcification in OBVD. We demonstrated increased serum calcium levels, augmented Bmp (bone morphogenetic protein)-2 and osteochondrogenic proteins expression in OBVD aortae. Furthermore, aortae from OBVD increased oxidative stress, coincidently with augmented in situ MMP (matrix metalloproteinase) activity and exhibited no VDR (VD receptor) inhibition after VD. Conclusions- Our data provide evidence that obese and insulin-resistant mice (ob/ob) developed expansive hypotrophic vascular remodeling correlated directly with increased vascular calcification after chronic VD stimulation. Positive hypotrophic vascular remodeling and vascular calcification in this mouse model is possibly mediated by the convergence of absence VDR downregulation after VD stimulation, increased reactive oxygen species generation, and MMP activation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/09652-0 - Mecanismos do remodelamento excêntrico associado à calcificação vascular na obesidade e resistência à insulina
Beneficiário:Luciana Simao Do Carmo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/09611-2 - Mecanismos do remodelamento excêntrico associado à calcificação vascular na obesidade e resistência à insulina
Beneficiário:Marcel Liberman
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/25923-0 - Modulação da calcificação vascular pela dissulfeto isomerase proteica (PDI): estudo em um novo modelo de camundongo transgênico
Beneficiário:Luciana Pescatore Alves
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado