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Effects of 2,4-D-based herbicide (DMA (R) 806) on sensitivity, respiration rates, energy reserves and behavior of tadpoles

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Freitas, Juliane Silberschmidt [1] ; Girotto, Lais [1] ; Goulart, Bianca Veloso [2] ; Goncalves Alho, Lays de Oliveira [3] ; Gebara, Renan Castelhano [3] ; Montagner, Cassiana Carolina [2] ; Schiesari, Luis [4] ; Gaeta Espindola, Evaldo Luiz [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Engn Sch, NEEA CRHEA SHS, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Analyt Chem Dept, Inst Chem, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Hydrobiol, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] USP Sch Arts Sci & Humanities, EACH, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY; v. 182, OCT 30 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Increased use of sugarcane pesticides and their destination to non-target environments in Brazil has generated concerns related to the conservation of more vulnerable groups, such as amphibians. Besides the high skin permeability, tadpoles are constantly restricted to small and ephemeral ponds, where exposure to high concentrations of pesticides in agricultural areas is inevitable. This study evaluated chronic effects caused by sublethal concentrations of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid herbicide on energy storage, development, respiration rates, swimming performance and avoidance behavior of bullfrog tadpoles (Lithobates catesbeianus). Firstly, we conducted acute toxicity test (96 h) to estipulate sub-lethal concentrations of 2,4-D and evaluate the sensitivity of three tadpoles' species to this herbicide. Results showed that Leptodactylus fuscus presented the lowest LC50 96 h, 28.81 mg/L, followed by Physolaemus nattereri (143.08 mg/L) and L. catesbeianus (574.52 mg/L). Chronic exposure to 2,4-D (125, 250 and 500 mu g/L) delayed metamorphosis and inhibited the growth of tadpoles at concentrations of 125 mu g/L. Effects on biochemical reserves showed that 2,4-D increased total hepatic lipids in tadpoles, although some individual lipid classes (e.g. free fatty acids and triglycerides) were reduced. Protein and carbohydrates contents were also impaired by 2,4-D, suggesting a disruption on energy metabolism of amphibians by the herbicide. In addition to biochemical changes, respiration rates and swimming speed were also decreased after chronic exposure to 2,4-D, and these responses appeared to be correlated with the changes detected in the basic energy content. Avoidance test indicated that tadpoles of L. catesbeinus avoided the presence of 2,4-D, however they were unable to detect increasing gradients of the contaminant. Our data showed that chronic exposure to 2,4-D impaired biochemical, physiological and behavioral aspects of tadpoles, which may compromise their health and make them more vulnerable to environmental stressors in natural systems. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/18790-3 - Consequências ambientais da conversão pastagem-cana-de-açúcar e intensificação de pastagens
Beneficiário:Luiz Antonio Martinelli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 17/13377-6 - Avaliação dos efeitos ecotoxicológicos de agroquímicos utilizados em pastagens e em culturas de cana-de-açúcar sobre anfíbios
Beneficiário:Juliane Silberschmidt Freitas
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado