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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Flooding effect on mineralogical and geochemical changes in alkaline-sodic soil system of northern Pantanal wetlands, Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Oliveira Junior, Jairo C. [1] ; Andrade, Gabriel R. P. [2] ; Barbiero, Laurent [3, 4] ; Furquim, Sheila A. C. [5] ; Vidal-Torrado, Pablo [6]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Parana, Soil & Engn Dept, BR-80035050 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Norte Fluminense, Soil Lab, Campos Dos Goytacazes - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, Lab Ecol Isotop, Piracicaba - Brazil
[4] Geosci Environm Toulouse, Toulouse - France
[5] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Ambientais, Diadema - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Soil Sci, Piracicaba - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: European Journal of Soil Science; AUG 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

In the northern Pantanal wetlands of Brazil, alkaline sodic soils play a significant role in the ecological functioning of the region, but little is known about their mineralogical equilibria in current flooding dynamics, which is necessary for good management of these areas. This study focused on a transition between sodic and non-sodic soils, identified by low frequency electromagnetic induction survey. Samples of B horizons from alkaline-sodic and non-sodic soils were analyzed via soil solution from saturated paste, decomposition of X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns and transmission electron microscopy with X-ray dispersive energy spectroscopy (TEM-EDS) analysis. The transition between alkaline-sodic and non-sodic soils matches with the transition between flooded and non-flooded areas. The soil solution shows a concentration factor of about 40 along this transition. The formation of sodic soils results from an accumulation by evaporation of solutions with a positive calcite residual alkalinity (RA(calcite)), probably imposed by the chemistry of the Sao Lourenco River. An increasing Na:Ca ratio caused solonization of the exchange complex. These alkaline-sodic soils, however, can be interpreted as declining soils in the current context with an evacuation of soluble salts during flood cycles. The detailed investigation of the fine clay fraction (< 0.2 mu m) using full profile modelling and decomposition of XRD patterns and TEM-EDS analysis demonstrates gradual transformations of trioctahedral to dioctahedral smectite by Mg - Al substitutions on octahedral sites, leading to the prevalence of kaolinite-smectite interstratified minerals when the conditions become more acidic via the solodization process. Highlights Clay minerals of alkaline-sodic soil have been altered due to flooding dynamic. Clay minerals are a useful tool for understanding environmental changes. Interstratified clay minerals result from current acidification. The evolution of soil mineral suite is related to the environmental changes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/11905-9 - Caracterização espacial e gênese de solos sódicos na região de Barão de Melgaço, Pantanal Mato-Grossense
Beneficiário:Jairo Calderari de Oliveira Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/09192-0 - Salinas do Pantanal da Nhecolândia (MS): Hidro-bio-geoquímica de uma área úmida singular
Beneficiário:Laurent BARBIERO
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 09/54372-0 - Solos do Pantanal norte: distribuição, caracterização, gênese e dinâmica atual
Beneficiário:Pablo Vidal Torrado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 17/23301-7 - Sistemas alcalinos (águas superficiais, solos) no Pantanal da Nhecolândia (MS): funcionamento hidro-bio-geoquímico
Beneficiário:Janaina Braga Do Carmo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisador Visitante - Internacional
Processo FAPESP: 11/13924-0 - Caracterização e gênese de minerais da fração argila de solos de manguezais da costa brasileira
Beneficiário:Gabriel Ramatis Pugliese Andrade
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado