Parreira, Luanna S.
Antoniassi, Rodolfo M.
Freitas, Isabel C.
de Oliveira, Daniela C.
Spinace, Estevam V.
Camargo, Pedro H. C.
dos Santos, Mauro C.
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
 Univ Fed ABC UFABC, Av Estados 5001, BR-09210580 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
 CNEN SP, IPEN, Av Prof Lines Prestes 2242, Cidade Univ, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Av Prof Lineu Prestes 748, Cidade Univ, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
 Max Planck Inst Kohlenforsch, Dept Heterogeneous Catalysis, Kaiser Wilhelm Pl 1, D-D45470 Mulheim - Germany
 LNLS, R Giuseppe Maximo Scolfaro 10-000, BR-13083100 Campinas, SP - Brazil
 Univ Helsinki, Dept Chem, AI Virtasen Aukio 1, Helsinki - Finland
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento:
Citações Web of Science:
PtSnNi electrocatalysts (60: 40: 40 mass ratio) supported on Vulcan (R) XC-72 (Cabot) carbon and COOH-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (Cheaptubes (R)) with 15% of metal loading were prepared. The nanoparticles size of 2-3 nm for both supports was estimated by HRTEM. In the direct ethanol fuel cell experiments, PtSnNi/C presents 50 mA cm(-2) reaching the maximum power density (MPD) of 12 mW cm(-2) and decreasing at higher currents, while PtSnNi/MWCNT-COOH obtains similar values of MPD (60 mA cm(-2)), but keeping the best performance. By GC (gas chromatography) technique, it was possible to observe that the electrocatalyst supported on MWCNT-COOH favored the ethanol oxidation to acetaldehyde and acetic acid, although the material supported on Vulcan (R) XC-72 carbon presented almost 100% of selectivity for acetaldehyde. This behavior was maintained also when the current of 0.1 A was applied for 80 min. For the PtSnNi/C electrocatalyst, the selectivity to only acetaldehyde can be related to Sn and Ni dissolution process that can become the electrocatalytic activity similar to Pt/C, decreasing the power density as observed in our experiments. Established by EDS analysis, after 80 min of polarization, the Ni and Sn relative atomic ratio was lower on the catalytic anodic layer of PtSnNi/C than on PtSnNi/MWCNT-COOH. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)