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Conformational analysis and electronic interactions of some 2-[2 `-(4 `-substituted-phenylsulfinyl)-acetyl]-5-methylfurans

Texto completo
Valenca, J. [1] ; Olivato, Paulo R. [1] ; Rodrigues, Daniel N. S. [1] ; Traesel, Henrique J. [1] ; Zukerman-Schpector, Julio [2] ; Dal Colle, Maurizio [3]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Conformat Anal & Elect Interact Lab, CP 26077, BR-05513970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Chem Dept, CP 676, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Ferrara, Dipartimento Sci Chim & Farmaceut, I-44121 Ferrara - Italy
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Molecular Structure; v. 1196, p. 793-804, NOV 15 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0

A conformational study of some 2-{[}2'-(4'-substituted-phenylsulfinyl)-acetyl]-5-methylfurans 1-4 (OMe1, Me 2, H 3, Cl 4) was performed using IR carbonyl stretching and analysis supported by Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) and Polarisable Continuum Model (PCM) calculations at the B3LYP-D3/aug-cc-pVDZ level, and X-ray diffraction (for 2 and 4). The computational results indicated the existence of four stable conformations with variable degrees of folding (stacking) between the phenyl and the furanyl rings, in the following order of stability: sc(anti)(1)>> ac(syn)>sc(anti)(2) >sc(syn). The PCM data showed that the mean abundance of the most stable lowest frequency sc(anti)(1) conformer in vacuum decreases progressively as the solvent permittivity increases, and, concomitantly, the population of the highest nu(CO) frequency sc(anti)(2) conformer increases in the same direction. Close inspection to the PCM nu(CO) frequencies and populations of the sc(syn) and ac(syn) conformers suggests that their IR lines should be missed due to their low intensities or hidden under the intense lowest nu(CO )component of the sc(anti)(1) conformer. The IR experimental trend observed for the components of the doublet carbonyl band in all solvents just matches the computational results and allows ascribing the most intense lowest nu CO frequency and the least intense highest nu(CO) frequency components in CCl4, to the sc(anti)(1) and sc(anti)(2) conformers, respectively. The appropriate S-(4)(delta+) (center dot center dot center dot) O-(1)(delta-) short contacts stabilise the four conformers to different extents, while the quasi-parallel C delta+ = O delta- and S delta+ = O delta- dipole orientations strongly destabilise electrostatically only the sc(anti)2 conformer. This Repulsive Field Effect is also responsible for the increase in its nu(CO) stretching frequency with respect to the other conformers. The suitable beta and gamma dihedral angles of the anti conformers favour the close proximity of the centroids of the furan and the phenyl rings and the stabilising O-(9){[}furan] (center dot center dot center dot) C-(10) {[}phenyl] short contacts. In contrast, the appropriate geometry adopted by the ac(syn) conformer gives rise to the O-(26)(delta-) (center dot center dot center dot) H-(18)(delta+) short contact and the LPO(26)->sigma{*}(C6-H18) orbital delocalisation (hydrogen bond), which significantly stabilise this conformer with respect to the sc(syn) form. The sum of the delocalisation energies in the NBO analysis does not match the calculated stability of the four conformers for series 1-4. The closeness of the mean delocalisation energy values found for all the conformers suggests that the computed order of stability is controlled mainly by the relevant short contacts and the coulombic repulsions between the negatively charged carbonyl, sulfinyl and furyl oxygen atoms. In particular, the strong electrostatic short contact O delta-(co) (center dot center dot center dot) O-(SO)(delta-) repulsion and the half as intense O delta-(co)( center dot center dot center dot) O delta-(fur) repulsion destabilise to different extents the sc(anti)(2) and the pair of syn conformers, respectively. Therefore, the calculated order of stability of the four conformers for 1-4 results from the overall balance of the orbital and electrostatic interactions. X-ray single crystal analysis of 2 and 4 revealed that the molecules assume an unfolded (stretched) geometry with a sc(syn) conformation, and that they are stabilised through centrosymmetrical C-H(o-ph) (center dot center dot center dot center dot) O-(co) and C-H(m-ph) (center dot center dot center dot center dot )Cg(1(fur)) interactions (for 2) and C-H(o-ph) O-center dot center dot center dot (co) and C-ph-Cl (center dot center dot center dot) Cg(2(ph)) interactions (for 4). (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/21676-0 - Reações de haloaminação enantiosseletivas visando a síntese de aminodióis
Beneficiário:Alessandro Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular