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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Osteoblast-derived NOTUM reduces cortical bone mass in mice and the NOTUM locus is associated with bone mineral density in humans

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Autor(es):
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Moverare-Skrtic, Sofia [1] ; Nilsson, Karin H. [1] ; Henning, Petra [1] ; Funck-Brentano, Thomas [1] ; Nethander, Maria [1] ; Rivadeneira, Fernando [2] ; Nunes, Glaucia Coletto [3] ; Koskela, Antti [4] ; Tuukkanen, Juha [4] ; Tuckermann, Jan [5] ; Perret, Christine [6, 7] ; Chaves Souza, Pedro Paulo [8, 3] ; Lerner, Ulf H. [1] ; Ohlsson, Claes [1]
Número total de Autores: 14
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Ctr Bone & Arthrit Res, Dept Internal Med & Clin Nutr, Inst Med, Gothenburg - Sweden
[2] Erasmus Univ, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam - Netherlands
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Dent, Bone Biol Res Grp, Araraquara - Brazil
[4] Univ Oulu, Fac Med, Inst Canc Res & Translat Med, Dept Anat & Cell Biol, Oulu - Finland
[5] Univ Ulm, Inst Gen Zool & Endocrinol, Ulm - Germany
[6] Univ Paris 05, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Inst Cochin, INSERM, U1016, Paris - France
[7] Equipe Labellisee Ligue Natl Canc, Paris - France
[8] Univ Fed Goias, Sch Dent, Goiania, Go - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FASEB JOURNAL; v. 33, n. 10, p. 11163-11179, OCT 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disease, affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Currently used osteoporosis treatments substantially reduce vertebral fracture risk, whereas nonvertebral fracture risk, mainly caused by reduced cortical bone mass, has only moderately been improved by the osteoporosis drugs used, defining an unmet medical need. Because several wingless-type MMTV integration site family members (WNTs) and modulators of WNT activity are major regulators of bone mass, we hypothesized that NOTUM, a secreted WNT lipase, might modulate bone mass via an inhibition of WNT activity. To characterize the possible role of endogenous NOTUM as a physiologic modulator of bone mass, we developed global, cell-specific, and inducible Notum-inactivated mouse models. Notum expression was high in the cortical bone in mice, and conditional Notum inactivation revealed that osteoblast lineage cells are the principal source of NOTUM in the cortical bone. Osteoblast lineage-specific Notum inactivation increased cortical bone thickness via an increased periosteal circumference. Inducible Notum inactivation in adult mice increased cortical bone thickness as a result of increased periosteal bone formation, and silencing of Notum expression in cultured osteoblasts enhanced osteoblast differentiation. Large-scale human genetic analyses identified genetic variants mapping to the NOTUM locus that are strongly associated with bone mineral density (BMD) as estimated with quantitative ultrasound in the heel. Thus, osteoblast-derived NOTUM is an essential local physiologic regulator of cortical bone mass via effects on periosteal bone formation in adult mice, and genetic variants in the NOTUM locus are associated with BMD variation in adult humans. Therapies targeting osteoblast-derived NOTUM may prevent nonvertebral fractures.-Moverare-Skrtic, S., Nilsson, K. H., Henning, P., Funck-Brentano, T., Nethander, M., Rivadeneira, F., Coletto Nunes, G., Koskela, A., Tuukkanen, J., Tuckermann, J., Perret, C., Souza, P. P. C., Lerner, U. H., Ohlsson, C. Osteoblast-derived NOTUM reduces cortical bone mass in mice and the NOTUM locus is associated with bone mineral density in humans. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/05283-3 - Influência da bradicinina sobre a osteoclastogênese in vitro e sobre a reabsorção óssea induzida por LPS in vivo
Beneficiário:Pedro Paulo Chaves de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores