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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Why Brazil needs its Legal Reserves

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Autor(es):
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Metzger, Jean Paul [1] ; Bustamante, Mercedes M. C. [2] ; Ferreira, Joice [3] ; Fernandes, Geraldo Wilson [4] ; Libran-Embid, Felipe [5] ; Pillar, Valerio D. [6] ; Prist, Paula R. [1] ; Rodrigues, Ricardo Ribeiro [7] ; Vieira, Ima Celia G. [8] ; Overbeck, Gerhard E. [9] ; Signatories, 407 Scientist
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Ecol, Inst Biosci, Rua Matao 321, Travessa 14, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Brasilia, Dept Ecol, Inst Biol Sci, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, BR-70910900 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Amazonia Oriental, Caixa Postal 48, BR-66095100 Belem, Para - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Biol Geral, BR-30161901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[5] Georg August Univ, Agroecol, Dept Crop Sci, Grisebachtrasse 6, D-37077 Gottingen - Germany
[6] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Ecol, Ave Bento Gonolves 9500, BR-91501970 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Biol Sci, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, BR-13418900 Piracicaba - Brazil
[8] Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, MCTIC, Caixa Postal 399, BR-66040170 Belem, Para - Brazil
[9] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Bot, Ave Bento Goncalves 9500, BR-91501970 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PERSPECTIVES IN ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION; v. 17, n. 3, p. 91-103, JUL-SEP 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Brazil's environmental legislation obliges private properties to retain a fixed proportion of their total area with native vegetation, the so-called ``Legal Reserves{''}. Those areas represent practically one third of the country's native vegetation and are well known for their role in biodiversity protection and in the provisioning of a wide range of ecosystem services for landowners and society. Despite their relevance, this instrument has been criticized by part of the agribusiness sector and its representatives in the Brazilian Congress. The Legal Reserve requirement is said to be too restrictive and to impede the full expansion of agricultural activities, and thus to be detrimental for the development of the country. Here, we critically analyze the arguments employed in the justification of a recently proposed bill that aims to completely extinguish Legal Reserves. We demonstrate that the arguments used are mostly unsupported by data, evidence or theory, besides being based on illogical reasoning. Further, we synthesize the principal benefits of Legal Reserves, including health and economic benefits, and emphasize the importance of these reserves for water, energy, food, and climate securities, in addition to their primary function of assisting in the maintenance of biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. We also highlight that Legal Reserves are a key-component for effective and less expensive nature-based solutions, and thus should be considered as assets for the development of Brazil rather than liabilities. Based on available sound scientific evidence and agreement on their relevance, we strongly oppose any attempt to extinguish or weaken the maintenance of Brazil's Legal Reserves. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. on behalf of Associacao Brasileira de Ciencia Ecologica e Conservacao. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/23364-1 - Dinâmica espaço-temporal do vírus da febre-amarela no Estado de São Paulo, Brazil
Beneficiário:Paula Ribeiro Prist
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/50718-5 - Restauração ecológica de florestas ciliares, de florestas nativas de produção econômica e de fragmentos florestais degradados (em APP e RL), com base na ecologia de restauração de ecossistemas de referência, visando testar cientificamente os preceitos do Novo Código Florestal Brasileiro
Beneficiário:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 17/11666-0 - Febre amarela: risco de transmissão em função de alterações do clima e da paisagem
Beneficiário:Paula Ribeiro Prist
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado