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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Physical activity and preventable premature deaths from non-communicable diseases in Brazil

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Autor(es):
Machado de Rezende, Leandro Fornias [1] ; Garcia, Leandro Martin Totaro [2] ; Mielke, Gregore Iven [3, 4] ; Lee, Dong Hoon [5] ; Giovannucci, Edward [6, 7, 5, 8] ; Eluf-Neto, Jose [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Prevent Med, Fac Med FMUSP, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Cambridge, Sch Clin Med, MRC Epidemiol Unit, UKCRC Ctr Diet & Act Res, Cambridge - England
[3] Univ Fed Pelotas, Postgrad Program Epidemiol, Pelotas - Brazil
[4] Univ Queensland, Sch Human Movement & Nutr Sci, Brisbane, Qld - Australia
[5] Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA - USA
[6] Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA - USA
[7] Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
[8] Brigham & Womens Hosp, Channing Div Network Med, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH; v. 41, n. 3, p. E253-E260, SEP 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background Studies on the impact of counterfactual scenarios of physical activity on premature deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are sparse in the literature. We estimated preventable premature deaths from NCDs (diabetes, ischemic heart disease, stroke, and breast and colon cancers) in Brazil by increasing population-wide physical activity (i) to theoretical minimum risk exposure levels; (ii) reaching the physical activity recommendation; (iii) reducing insufficient physical activity by 10%; and (iv) eliminating the gender differences in physical activity. Methods Preventable fractions were estimated using data from a nationally representative survey, relative risks from a meta-analysis and number of premature deaths (30-69 years) from the Brazilian Mortality Information System. Results Physical activity could potentially avoid up to 16 700 premature deaths from NCDs in Brazil, corresponding to 5.75 and 3.23% of premature deaths from major NCDs and of all-causes, respectively. Other scenarios suggested the following impact on premature deaths: reaching physical activity recommendation (5000 or 1.74% of major NCDs); 10% reduction in insufficient physical activity (500 or 0.17% of major NCDs); eliminating gender differences in physical activity (1000 or 0.33% of major NCDs). Conclusions Physical activity may play an important role to reduce premature deaths from NCD in Brazil. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/21390-0 - Carga do câncer atribuível ao estilo de vida no Brasil
Beneficiário:Leandro Fórnias Machado de Rezende
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/25614-4 - Inatividade física e câncer: da avaliação da evidência etiológica ao impacto na saúde pública
Beneficiário:Leandro Fórnias Machado de Rezende
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado