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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Consumption of ultra-processed foods and its association with added sugar content in the diets of US children, NHANES 2009-2014

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Autor(es):
Neri, Daniela [1, 2] ; Martinez-Steele, Euridice [1, 2] ; Monteiro, Carlos Augusto [1, 2] ; Levy, Renata Bertazzi [3, 2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Nutr, Sch Publ Hlth, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Epidemiol Res Nutr & Hlth, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PEDIATRIC OBESITY; v. 14, n. 12 DEC 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Background There is cumulative recognition that increases in the dietary share of ultra-processed foods result in deterioration of the nutritional quality of the overall diet and adverse health outcomes. Objective The purpose of this study was to assess the consumption of ultra-processed foods and to examine its association with added sugar content in the diet of US children aged 2 to 19 years. Methods We classified all food items according to the NOVA food classification system and looked at the consumption of ultra-processed foods, measured as percentage of total energy intake. We assessed dietary added sugar content by estimating its contribution to total energy intake and the proportion of individuals with diets exceeding the recommended limit of 10% of total energy intake from added sugars. We also examined the proportion of those who surpassed twice that limit. Gaussian and Poisson regressions estimated the association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and estimates of added sugar content. Results Ultra-processed foods contributed to 65% of total energy intake and to 92% of energy from added sugars in the diet of US children. The mean percent energy provided by added sugars in the observed period was 14.3%. Most individuals (70.9%) had diets exceeding the recommended limit of added sugar (<10% of total energy intake), and 18.4% of the population had diets surpassing twice the recommended level (20% of total energy intake). A 5.5% point increase in the dietary share of ultra-processed foods determined a 1 percentage point increase in the dietary content of added sugars, with stronger adjusted associations among younger children. Conclusions Public health efforts to reduce added sugars in the diet of US children must put greater emphasis on decreasing the consumption of ultra-processed foods. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/17972-9 - Alimentos ultraprocessados e o 'protein leverage hypothesis': estudo em sete países
Beneficiário:Eurídice Martínez Steele
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/25853-4 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados, perfil nutricional da dieta e desfechos de saúde entre crianças e adolescentes dos Estados Unidos
Beneficiário:Daniela Neri Gama de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/14900-9 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados, perfil nutricional da dieta e obesidade em sete países
Beneficiário:Carlos Augusto Monteiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático