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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Insights into the assembly rules of a continent-wide multilayer network

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Autor(es):
Mello, Marco A. R. [1] ; Felix, Gabriel M. [2] ; Pinheiro, Rafael B. P. [3] ; Muylaert, Renata L. [4] ; Geiselman, Cullen [5] ; Santana, Sharlene E. [6, 7] ; Tschapka, Marco [8, 9] ; Lotfi, Nastaran [10, 11] ; Rodrigues, Francisco A. [10, 12, 13] ; Stevens, Richard D. [14]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
Mostrar menos -
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, Dept Ecol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Grad Sch Ecol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Grad Sch Ecol Conservat & Wildlife Management, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo State Univ, Grad Sch Ecol & Biodivers, Rio Claro - Brazil
[5] Bat Conservat Int, Austin, TX - USA
[6] Univ Washington, Dept Biol, Seattle, WA 98195 - USA
[7] Univ Washington, Burke Museum Nat Hist & Culture, Seattle, WA 98195 - USA
[8] Ulm Univ, Inst Evolutionary Ecol & Conservat Genom, Ulm - Germany
[9] Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Balboa Ancon - Panama
[10] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Appl Math & Stat, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[11] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Phys Dept, Recife, PE - Brazil
[12] Univ Warwick, Math Inst, Coventry, W Midlands - England
[13] Univ Warwick, Ctr Complex Sci, Coventry, W Midlands - England
[14] Texas Tech Univ, Dept Nat Resources Management, Lubbock, TX 79409 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 14
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION; v. 3, n. 11, p. 1525-1532, NOV 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

How are ecological systems assembled? Identifying common structural patterns within complex networks of interacting species has been a major challenge in ecology, but researchers have focused primarily on single interaction types aggregating in space or time. Here, we shed light on the assembly rules of a multilayer network formed by frugivory and nectarivory interactions between bats and plants in the Neotropics. By harnessing a conceptual framework known as the integrative hypothesis of specialization, our results suggest that phylogenetic constraints separate species into different layers and shape the network's modules. Then, the network shifts to a nested structure within its modules where interactions are mainly structured by geographic co-occurrence. Finally, organismal traits related to consuming fruits or nectar determine which bat species are central or peripheral to the network. Our results provide insights into how different processes contribute to the assemblage of ecological systems at different levels of organization, resulting in a compound network topology. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/17739-4 - Efeitos da paisagem e a interação entre mamíferos e hantavírus na Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Renata de Lara Muylaert
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/50144-0 - Dynamical processes on multilayer and dynamic networks
Beneficiário:Francisco Aparecido Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 18/20695-7 - Uma síntese das regras de montagem de sistemas ecológicos complexos
Beneficiário:Marco Aurelio Ribeiro de Mello
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/25682-5 - Propagação de informação em redes complexas
Beneficiário:Francisco Aparecido Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular