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The effects of physical activity during childhood, adolescence, and adulthood on cardiovascular risk factors among adults

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Autor(es):
André O. Werneck ; Ricardo R. Agostinete ; Manoel Carlos S. de Lima ; Bruna C. Turi-Lynch ; Romulo A. Fernandes
Número total de Autores: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira; v. 65, n. 11, p. 1337-1342, Nov. 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association between physical activity during life and cardiovascular risk factors among adults. DESIGN: The sample was composed of 101 adults (59 men) between 30 and 50 years old, who were recruited from different gyms and from a University in Brasil. Participants were divided according to their engagement in sports in early life (self-reported) and current physical activity (pedometer) (sports participation during childhood/adolescence and currently active [n=26], sports participation during childhood/adolescence and currently inactive [n=26], and control [n=49]). Cardiovascular risk factors were measured, such as body fat (through DXA), HDL-C, triglycerides, HOMA index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and C-reactive protein. We adopted the covariates of chronological age, sex, alcohol consumption, tobacco, and body mass index. General estimating equations were used, with p<0.05. RESULTS: After the adjustments of the final model, individuals engaged in sports during childhood and adolescence and inactive during adulthood presented lower body fat, when compared to participants persistently inactive (p<0.001). Participants persistently active presented lower body fat (p<0.001) and lower c-reactive protein (p=0.010) when compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: Early sports participation was associated with reduced body fat, and being physically active throughout life was associated with reduced body fat and C-reactive protein. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/09182-5 - Impacto da prática esportiva realizada em meio líquido sobre parâmetros de formação óssea de adolescentes: abcd - growth study
Beneficiário:Ricardo Ribeiro Agostinete
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/27234-2 - Associação longitudinal entre maturação biológica, gordura corporal e prática esportiva na predição do risco de síndrome metabólica e proteína C-reativa: modelos de equação estrutural (ABCD - growth study)
Beneficiário:André de Oliveira Werneck
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado