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Novaluron impairs the silk gland and productive performance of silkworm Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) larvae

Texto completo
Santorum, Marilucia [1] ; Costa, Rose Meire [2] ; dos Reis, Gustavo Henrique [3] ; dos Santos, Daniela Carvalho [1, 4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Morphol, Lab Insects, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] State Univ Western Parana UNIOESTE, Ctr Biol Sci & Hlth, Cascavel, PR - Brazil
[3] Fed Univ Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Postgrad Pathol, Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biosci Botucatu, Electron Microscopy Ctr, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Chemosphere; v. 239, JAN 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0

This study investigates the effects of the insect growth regulator Novaluron on the silk gland (SG) and silk cocoon production in a nontarget insect, the silkworm Bombyx mori, which is a model research insect among Lepidoptera and of great economic importance for the commercial production of silk threads. Larvae were segregated into experimental groups: the control group (CG) and the treatment group (TG), which was exposed to a Novaluron concentration of 0.15 mL/L. Following exposure, we analyzed the cytotoxic effects on the epithelial cells of the anterior, middle and posterior regions of the SG of B. mori larvae in the 3rd, 4th, and 5th instars, as well as the quality of the cocoons from larvae in the 5th instar. Cytotoxic effects were observed in the TG, such as the dilation of cells, emission of cytoplasmic protrusions, extreme rarefaction of the cytoplasm and nuclei, dilation of the endoplasmic reticulum, intracellular and intercellular spaces, spacing between the epithelial cells and the basal lamina and detachment of some cells towards the lumen of the SG, and decreased protein in the lumen, with faults in its composition. In addition, we verified ultrastructural changes in the production of fibers and silk cocoons, including a reduction in the weight of the cocoons constructed by both males and females in the TG and the construction of defective cocoons. Novaluron exposure impairs the SG and may affect the physiological functions of this organ; additionally, it compromises the quality of silk cocoons, potentially causing serious damage to sericulture. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/07119-9 - Avaliação da toxicidade do inseticida Novalurom em Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae)
Beneficiário:Marilucia Santorum
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado