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(Referência obtida automaticamente do SciELO, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Genome-wide DNA methylation profile in the peripheral blood of cocaine and crack dependents

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Caroline Camilo ; Mariana Maschietto ; Henrique C. Vieira ; Ana C. Tahira ; Gisele R. Gouveia ; Ana C. Feio dos Santos ; André B. Negrão ; Marcelo Ribeiro ; Ronaldo Laranjeira ; Homero Vallada ; Helena Brentani
Número total de Autores: 11
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria; v. 41, n. 6, p. 485-493, Dez. 2019.
Resumo

Objective: Cocaine use disorders (CUDs) represent a major public health problem in many countries. To better understand the interaction between the environmental modulations and phenotype, the aim of the present study was to investigate the DNA methylation pattern of CUD patients, who had concomitant cocaine and crack dependence, and healthy controls. Methods: We studied DNA methylation profiles in the peripheral blood of 23 CUD patients and 24 healthy control subjects using the Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip arrays. Results: Comparison between CUD patients and controls revealed 186 differentially methylated positions (DMPs; adjusted p-value [adjP] < 10-5) related to 152 genes, with a subset of CpGs confirmed by pyrosequencing. DNA methylation patterns discriminated CUD patients and control groups. A gene network approach showed that the EHMT1, EHMT2, MAPK1, MAPK3, MAP2K1, and HDAC5 genes, which are involved in transcription and chromatin regulation cellular signaling pathways, were also associated with cocaine dependence. Conclusion: The investigation of DNA methylation patterns may contribute to a better understanding of the biological mechanisms involved in CUD. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/00659-2 - Estudos epigenéticos em dependentes de crack
Beneficiário:Homero Pinto Vallada Filho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/06281-7 - Investigação da regulação epigenética em tumores sólidos pediátricos
Beneficiário:Mariana Camargo Maschietto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 14/00041-1 - Estudo de coexpressão de genes do cromossomo Y e genes autossômicos e sua relação com o transtorno do espectro autista (TEA)
Beneficiário:Ana Carolina Tahira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado