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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The influence of aging on the spatial and temporal variables of gait during usual and fast speeds in older adults aged 60 to 102 years

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Autor(es):
Magnani, Paola Errera [1] ; Freire Junior, Renato Campos [2] ; Grecco Zanellato, Nathalia Fernanda [3] ; Genovez, Maiara Baena [3] ; Alvarenga, Isabella Camargo [3] ; Carvalho de Abreu, Daniela Cristina [4]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Postgrad Program Rehabil & Funct Performance, Ribeirao Preto Sch Med, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Amazonas UFAM, Fac Phys Educ & Physiotherapy, Manaus, AM - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Sch Med, Dept Hlth Sci, Physiotherapy Course, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Hlth Sci, Ribeirao Preto Sch Med, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE; v. 68, DEC 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background: With increases in life expectancy, it is important to understand the influence of aging on gait, given that this activity is related to the independence of older adults and may help in the development of health strategies that encourage successful aging in all phases of this process. Research question: To compare gait parameters with usual and fast speeds for independent and autonomous older adults throughout the aging process (60 to 102 years old), and also to identify which of the gait variables are best for identifying differences across the different age groups. Methods: Two hundred older adults aged between 60 and 102 years were evaluated. The sample was divided into 3 age groups: 60 to 79 years, 80 to 89 years and 90 years and over. The analyzed gait variables were: speed (meters/s), cadence (steps/min), stride time (seconds), step length (centimeters), double support (percentage of the gait cycle), swing (percentage of the gait cycle), step length variability (CoV%) and stride time variability (CoV%). Results: Group comparison regarding usual gait and fast gait revealed a significant difference in all gait variables. In addition, it can be seen that variables such as gait speed and step length showed greater effect sizes in intergroup comparison (usual gait: 0.48 and 0.47; fast gait: 0.36 and 0.40; respectively), possibly showing that these variables can better detect the changes observed with increasing age. Conclusion: There are differences in the gait performance of older adults from different age groups for usual and fast gait speeds, which is more evident regarding gait speed and step length variables. We recommend the use of usual gait for the identification of the effects of aging because, besides showing a higher effect size values it is more comfortable and requires less effort from older subjects. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/24876-0 - Análise da variabilidade da marcha habitual em idosos acima e abaixo de 80 anos
Beneficiário:Nathalia Fernanda Grecco Zanellato
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 12/01770-1 - Influência do exercício de equilíbrio no padrão de marcha associada ou não a dupla tarefa em idosos
Beneficiário:Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular