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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The 3HSP catalogue of extreme and high-synchrotron peaked blazars

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Autor(es):
Chang, Y. -L. [1, 2] ; Arsioli, B. [1, 3] ; Giommi, P. [4, 1, 5] ; Padovani, P. [6, 7] ; Brandt, C. H. [1, 8]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] ICRANet, Pzza Repubbl 10, I-65122 Pescara - Italy
[2] Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Tsung Dao Lee Inst, 800 Dongchuan RD, Shanghai - Peoples R China
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Fis Gleb Wataghin, Rua Sergio Buarque de Holanda 777, BR-13083859 Campinas - Brazil
[4] Tech Univ Munich, Inst Adv Study, Lichtenbergstr 2a, D-85748 Garching - Germany
[5] Italian Space Agcy, ASI, Via Politecn Snc, I-00133 Rome - Italy
[6] Osserv Astron Roma, INAF, Via Frascati 33, I-00040 Monte Porzio Catone - Italy
[7] European Southern Observ, Karl Schwarzschild Str 2, D-5748 Garching - Germany
[8] Jacobs Univ, Phys & Earth Sci, Campus Ring 1, D-28759 Bremen - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astronomy & Astrophysics; v. 632, DEC 3 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Aims. High-synchrotron peaked blazars (HSPs or HBLs) play a central role in very high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray astronomy, and likely in neutrino astronomy. Currently, the largest compilation of HSP blazars, the 2WHSP sample, includes 1691 sources, but it is not complete in the radio or in the X-ray band. In order to provide a larger and more accurate set of HSP blazars that is useful for future statistical studies and to plan for VHE/TeV observations, we present the 3HSP catalogue, the largest sample of extreme and high-synchrotron peaked (EHSP; HSP) blazars and blazar candidates. Methods. We implemented several ways to improve the size and the completeness of the 2WHSP catalogue and reduced the selection biases to be taken into consideration in population studies. By discarding the IR constraint and relaxing the radio-IR and IR-X-ray slope criteria, we were able to select more sources with nu(peak) close to the 10(15) Hz threshold and objects where the host galaxy dominates the flux. The selection of extra sources now commences with a cross-matching between radio and X-ray surveys, applying a simple flux ratio cut. We also considered Fermi-LAT catalogues to find reasonable HSP-candidates that are detected in the gamma-ray band but are not included in X-ray or radio source catalogues. The new method, and the use of newly available multi-frequency data, allowed us to add 395 sources to the sample, to remove 73 2WHSP sources that were previously flagged as uncertain and could not be confirmed as genuine HSP blazars, and to update parameters obtained by fitting the synchrotron component. Results. The 3HSP catalogue includes 2013 sources, 88% of which with a redshift estimation, a much higher percentage than in any other list of HSP blazars. All new gamma-ray detections are described in the First and Second Brazil ICRANet gamma-ray blazar catalogues (1BIGB \& 2BIGB) also taking into account the 4FGL list of gamma-ray sources published by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT) team. Moreover, the cross-matching between the 2WHSP, 2FHL HSP, and IceCube neutrino positions suggests that HSPs are likely counterparts of neutrino events, which implies the 3HSP catalogue is also useful in that respect. The 3HSP catalogue shows improved completeness compared to its predecessors, the 1WHSP and 2WHSP catalogues, and follows the track of their increasing relevance for VHE astronomy. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/00517-4 - Busca por novas fontes extragalácticas de radiação-gamma GeV visando estudos de correlação com neutrinos astrofísicos e raios cósmicos
Beneficiário:Bruno Sversut Arsioli
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado