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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Exotic eucalypts: From demonized trees to allies of tropical forest restoration?

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Autor(es):
Brancalion, Pedro H. S. [1] ; Amazonas, Nino T. [1] ; Chazdon, Robin L. [2, 3] ; van Melis, Juliano [1] ; Rodrigues, Ricardo R. [4] ; Silva, Carina C. [1] ; Sorrini, Taisi B. [1] ; Holl, Karen D. [5]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Forest Sci, Piracicaba - Brazil
[2] Univ Connecticut, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Storrs, CT - USA
[3] Int Inst Sustainabil, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Biol Sci, Piracicaba - Brazil
[5] Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Environm Studies, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY; OCT 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

International forest landscape restoration commitments have promoted the restoration of millions of hectares of degraded and deforested lands globally, but few forest restoration approaches provide both ecologically-sound and financially-viable solutions for achieving the spatial scale proposed. One potential revenue source for restoration is selective harvesting of timber, a product for which there is a clear global market and increasing demand. The use of commercially valuable exotic trees may attract farmers to restoration, but can be a major concern for ecologists. Here, we present results collected over 7 years from experimental studies at three sites across the Brazilian Atlantic Forest to assess the impacts of incorporating exotic eucalypts as a transitional stage in tropical forest restoration on above-ground biomass accumulation, native woody species regeneration and financial viability. Biomass accumulation was nine times greater in mixed eucalypt-native species plantations than native only plantings due to fast eucalypt growth. Nonetheless, the growth of native non-pioneer trees was not affected or only slightly reduced by eucalypts prior to logging. Eucalypts did not negatively affect the natural regeneration of native woody species before or after eucalypt logging. Canopy cover regrew quickly but was slightly lower a year following logging in mixed eucalypt-native species plantations. Natural regeneration richness and planted non-pioneer growth were similar across treatments in the post-logging period. We found higher variation of biomass accumulation and native species regeneration among sites than between plantation types within sites. The income from eucalypt wood production offset 44%-75% of restoration implementation costs. Synthesis and applications. Many of the negative effects attributed to eucalypts on the growth and natural regeneration of native trees depend on features of the production system, landscape structure, soil, and climate in which they are grown, rather than the effects of eucalypts per se. In Brazil's Atlantic Forest region, exotic eucalypts can become important allies of tropical forest restoration, and their use and investment opportunities should be considered within the portfolio of options supported by public and private funding and policies. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/18416-2 - Compreendendo florestas restauradas para o benefício das pessoas e da natureza - NewFor
Beneficiário:Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/50718-5 - Restauração ecológica de florestas ciliares, de florestas nativas de produção econômica e de fragmentos florestais degradados (em APP e RL), com base na ecologia de restauração de ecossistemas de referência, visando testar cientificamente os preceitos do Novo Código Florestal Brasileiro
Beneficiário:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/02070-9 - Desafios e oportunidades do uso de eucalipto como espécie pioneira comercial na restauração florestal
Beneficiário:Nino Tavares Amazonas
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/07498-2 - Uso de plantações mistas para restaurar florestas tropicais nativas: de uma compreensão da dinâmica de crescimento baseada em processos ao desenvolvimento de ferramentas e sua aplicação e implementação
Beneficiário:Nino Tavares Amazonas
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado