Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Heat-killed Lactobacillus reuteri and cell-free culture supernatant have similar effects to viable probiotics during interaction with Porphyromonas gingivalis

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Geraldo, Barbara M. C. [1] ; Batalha, Marianna N. [1] ; Milhan, Noala V. M. [1] ; Rossoni, Rodnei D. [1] ; Scorzoni, Liliana [1] ; Anbinder, Ana Lia [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Inst Sci & Technol Sao Jose dos Campos, Dept Biosci & Oral Diag, Av Engenheiro Francisco Jose Longo 777, BR-12245000 Sao Jose Dos Campos, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF PERIODONTAL RESEARCH; NOV 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background and objectiveIn the last decade, numerous studies have been published to clarify the role of probiotics, especially Lactobacillus reuteri, as an adjunct to conventional periodontal treatment. Although the health benefits of probiotics are numerous, they are live bacteria, and the administration of live organisms is not risk-free. We evaluated the antimicrobial effect of L reuteri and its cell-free culture supernatant on Porphyromonas gingivalis, a keystone periodontal pathogen, in vitro. We also evaluated the influence of this probiotic in its live, heat-killed (HKL, paraprobiotic) form and its supernatant on the Galleria mellonella invertebrate model after infection by P gingivalis. MethodsThe interaction assay was conducted with P gingivalis and L reuteri preparations (live cells and supernatant preparation). For this, P gingivalis and L reuteri preparations were added to tubes containing Brain Heart Infusion broth and incubated for 3 days. The suspensions were then seeded onto appropriate culture media for the calculation of colony-forming units per mL (CFU/mL). An in vivo assay with the G mellonella model was also performed. Live L reuteri, HKL, or supernatant was inoculated 2 hours prior to infection with P gingivalis. Survival was evaluated over 7 days, and the number of hemocytes in the hemolymph was estimated 3 hours after P gingivalis infection. Data were then subjected to statistical testing (alpha = 5%). ResultsBoth live L reuteri and its supernatant had antimicrobial activity against P gingivalis (CFU reduction up to 86%, P < .05). Moreover, treatment with live and HKL had similar effects on G mellonella survival (increased survival up to 46%, P < .05). However, only live L reuteri was able to significantly increase the hemocyte density in this invertebrate model. ConclusionLactobacillus reuteri antimicrobial activity against P gingivalis and its effects on G mellonella survival after infection with a periodontopathogen do not depend on cell viability. This allows the development of products without live bacterium while maintaining similar effects. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/06946-1 - EFEITOS DE Lactobacillus reuteri VIVO, MORTO E SEUS PRODUTOS EM DOENÇA PERIODONTAL: ESTUDO in vitro E in vivo
Beneficiário:Ana Lia Anbinder
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/13561-6 - Influência de Lactobacillus reuteri sobre infecção com Porphyromonas gingivalis em modelo de invertebrado
Beneficiário:Marianna Nanni Batalha
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 17/19219-3 - Identificação de substâncias bioativas produzidas por Lactobacillus paracasei 28.4 para o controle da candidose bucal
Beneficiário:Rodnei Dennis Rossoni
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado